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Curriculum Development Essay

Curriculum development is a process of improving the curriculum. Various approaches have been used in developing curricula. For young children, it is imperative to put into account the methods and process of teaching them. The teacher must ensure that his/her students are given the best education they deserve. It is upon the teacher to find out the method he/she think is appropriate and is best suited to the students at that level of age. Being that, children of two years are still young and cannot read, write and comprehend what their teacher teaches them, it becomes the burden of the instructor to use the skills necessary to enable the young children to understand. There are various methods of teaching depending on the ages of the students or learners. Therefore, Curriculum development is compulsory in all educational and learning setups.  

In this assignment, we want to prepare a lesson plan for the two-year-old children. The program is to be used in 1 week for a group time lessons. The lesson plan is focused on the literacy skills of the children.  We begin with defining what literacy is. The term literacy is described merely as the ability to read and write.  The ability to write and read goes hand in hand with the ability to understanding what one has read or written. In this case of the two-year-old children, the teacher must first know that this ability to read and write is not applicable (Pangrazi, & Dauer,2014). It is to the best knowledge of every person that children of that age are still not able to do that.  It means that the teacher has the responsibility to employment very specialized methods of teaching these children. The main aim of teaching these young children is to give them a more understanding of the basics of education. At this age the children need to be trained on how to talk, listening to sounds and encoding these sounds so as the sounds make sense to them.

In the lesson plan for the children of 2 years, the teacher needs to consider some factors which are necessary for the children of that age. He/she must ensure that the lesson plan consists of lessons the children can handle. The experience must not be very hard for the children but must be one which the children can manage with ease.

From the first day of the week, the children shall be taught the colors work and how to differentiate things based on their colors (Grant & Sleeter, 2016). Young children of that age, like playing with objects. The objects they play with have different colors. It becomes necessary for the teacher to teach the children the color and how to distinguish these objects from the other objects. The ability to differentiate colors becomes useful when the children are playing with the same object but can’t separate the objects. It is upon the teacher to teach them to be in a position to identify which object belongs to whom.  That helps the children avoid confronting each other while playing.

On the second day of the week, I would teach the children to play. Young children learn through play. Most of the people would think that playing is not one of the learning methods. Some parents hate to see teachers teaching their children how to play. Parents should understand that playing is part of teaching and it also relieves the child from the classroom boredom. Children get very bored when subjected to a classroom for too many hours. When these children are exposed to play, they get to change the environment and hence a break from class work

On the third day, the children would be taught singing.  Children find singing very interesting. Through singing, they learn to pronounce different words. The teacher may decide to compose some songs which teach the children the alphabets ( Asher, J. J. 2015). These songs are the song by the children very frequently until they understand the meaning of the songs as they grow older. The children are taught different types of sons which include the lullaby songs among other songs which the children find exciting.

On the fourth day, I would teach my children the letter recognition.  Letter recognition is also very essential for children of this age. The teacher needs to find a way of enabling the children to recognize and identify letters and numbers when asked to do so. There are various ways the children can use to master these numbers and letters.  The most used and straightforward way for the children to recognize the numbers and letters is by singing. Their teacher must teach them how to sing these songs and what the songs mean. When the children can sing these songs and understand what they mean, the children are said to be doing well in literacy.

The fifth day and not the least, the children go out for a walk. This could be a walk in the park or even walk in the neighborhood. When children take a step, they can see and learn most of the thing which they are unable to determine in the class. When they go out, they learn about the environment and all things in it. They can see animals, buildings, and other things (Spooner,2017). Studying the situation means a lot to the young children since they can relate what they are taught in the class with that which is outside the level.

The lesson plans are different depending on the ages of the children. The lesson plan for the children of 2 years cannot be the same as that of those children of 4 years. The lessons taught to 4 years children are more complicated and harder than that of the 2years old children.  The lesson plan for those children of 4 years would be as follows.

On the first day of the week, the children would lean the writing.   A child of four years should be capable of printing. At this age, he/she must be in a position to holding a pen or pencil. What the child writes is not essential but just keeping the pen/pencil in the proper way.

One the second day, the children should be taught reading. The teachers required to teach the children the alphabets and numbers. The teaching of numbers and alphabets can be explained by writing big letters and numbers on the blackboard, then instruct the children to read after you. They must say it loudly so that It sticks in their mind (Burden & Byrd, 2015). Let them repeat again and again until they can do it themselves even without the teacher’s intervention.

The third day, the children should be taught the communication and listening skills. At this stage of life, communication and listening are very critical. The children must learn those skills at that age since it becomes vital for the learning ahead. The teacher must teach the children the proper pronunciation of words. They must also be taught how to listen and understand what they are taught.

The fourth day, the children will be taught drawing and painting. The picture and painting are also essential to children of that age. They are supposed to be trained on how to draw and paint. The art is done on the objects depicted. These involve the animal, trees, and people.  That gives the children able to see things as they are or look like.

On the fifth day, the children would be taught how to do exercises.  Young children should do a lot of physical activities to maintain good health and avoid some diseases which come with lack of practices.


Pangrazi, R. P., & Dauer, V. P. (2015). Lesson Plans for Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary School Children.

Grant, C. A., & Sleeter, C. E. (2016). Turning on learning: Five approaches for multicultural teaching plans for race, class, gender and disability. Jossey-Bass, An Imprint of Wiley. 10475 Crosspoint Blvd, Indianapolis, IN 46256.

Grant, C. A., & Sleeter, C. E. (2016).

Spooner, F., Baker, J. N., Harris, A. A., Ahlgrim-Delzell, L., & Browder, D. M. (2017). Effects of training in universal design for learning on lesson plan development. Remedial and special education28(2), 108-116.

Schmoker, M. (2016). Results now.

Asher, J. J. (2014). Learning Another Language Through Actions: The Complete Teacher’s Guidebook.

Burden, P. R., & Byrd, D. M. (2017). Methods for effective teaching. Boston, MA.



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