Controlling criminal actions make societies and communities safe and secure. Punishing criminals in jails and prisons doesn’t put an end to a crime. Eradicating illegal practices requires a complete and gradual process. This process is known as criminal desistance. Under this criminals go through various treatments and rehabilitation programs. As a result of which they acquire new and healthy habits. Their dysfunctional behavior and attitude transform. All this is done to attain the objective of creating a safer society.
Rehabilitation programs should have a proper plan. They should first focus on rectifying the behaviors of criminals. Timings must be appropriate. Behaviors and actions won’t be affected unless offenders are ready to alter them. Rehabilitation programs can contain many things at a time. They could incorporate education, training, etc. Ineffective correction practices that do not impact the behavior of offenders should be eradicated. For this purpose evidence-based research and cognitive behavioral approaches could be used.
Recidivism reduces through various programs. These programs include different types of therapies and treatments like skill training targeted to offenders. A community can be made safer through the implementation of effective rehabilitation programs. One must monitor results throughout the programs. Motivational interviews, positive communication, and determining the drawbacks and impact of programs at every stage promote the success of the rehabilitation program.
There are many risks involved in programs targeted at offenders. These offenders may return to their original habits. Some risk factor that may predict the likelihood of an offender going back to their original habits includes lack of support, lack of health hobbies, poor performances at schools or other educational institutes, and so on. Restoration solutions must enable offenders to live healthy life (Kaplan, 2017).
Kaplan. (2017). Bringing It All Together: Practical Solutions for Community Based Corrections. In Kaplan: Community Based Corrections (11 ed., pp. 335-363). Cengage Learning.