Artificial Intelligence in education
For many years that have passed, the authors of the science, futurists and the movie makers have predicted a lot of wonderful changes that would arise would arise from the widespread of the artificial intelligence. It is a branch of computer science that is concerned with the creation of the intelligent machine. Therefore the intelligence of the AI is demonstrated by the machine and not human being or animals. To the present, artificial intelligence has not shown its crazy wave of development as illustrated by the previous predictions, however, in different ways, it has become ubiquitously part of the numerous aspects that relate to the lives of the human being.
Beginning with intelligence sensors that assist a person in taking a perfect picture and images, to the automatic parking features that are found in the car, to the frustrating personal helpers in the Smartphone, AI is an intelligence that is all through around us, at any moment of time. Despite the fact that we haven’t created self-aware robots like those found in the popular movies like the “Star Wars” and “A Space Odyssey,” there is the significant advancement of AI technologies in a wider range of application like health, entertainment, security, education, and many more. Basing on education, how is AI shaping the future of education? Therefore in this paper, we are going to illustrate the application of Artificial intelligence in Education.
In a comparison of the learning criteria in the 21st century with that found in the early 1900s, the variations are not that obvious. The teachers would be standing in front of the classrooms sharing notes and giving instructions to the students. The students will be sited on the desks in a class or watching through online video conference software, but there is technological advancement. Most of the learning tools and processes have been digitized and automated to overcome the geographical barrier. The teachers are no longer shouldering the burden of training young generations or even workforce in the corporations. AI systems are assisting to enhance education through the collection, analysis, and correlation of any interaction in both virtual and physical classrooms.
AI systems have become essential in the measurement of the learning progress. The instructors are required to take into account every reaction in the lecture, each attentive and blank stare, assignment turned in late or early, every hesitant or even eager response to the question and much other assessment that is required by the students to grasp the concept. This creates a greater challenge for the teachers to accomplish without using AI systems. “However, machine learning algorithms, which are based on analyzing and finding patterns and correlations between data points, are proving to be an effective tool in helping teachers quantify a student’s understanding of a lecture” (Dickson 106). Through analysis of particular student’s data, AI possesses the potential of illustrating areas which the student need assistance thus improving the achievement of the student and the teacher’s support. Artificial intelligence courses can provide in-depth knowledge on the applications of AI in education.
AI systems can also be used in finding and addressing gaps in learning. The AI system’s data can automatically be used by the intelligent system to engage students in the learning experience with the aim of addressing the gaps or assisting an instructor to identify and then make a response to the areas that are required. The machine can also “power intelligent tutoring systems (ITS)” which can function in conjunction with the human instructor or self-paced learning environment. It uses the history of the student and the real-time data to offer a personalized content that is tuned to the student’s specific weaknesses and strength. Therefore it will assist in building a personalized, efficient and contextualized support to the student hence making it easier to maximize the learning environment and also teaching schedules. It’s also believed that by 2025 the ride-sharing fleets and the autonomous vehicles will be responsible for the transportation of the students to different learning institutions (techlearning.com 8).
The other way in which artificial intelligence is shaping education concerns the library sector which is an important research sector for the students in the learning institutions. The best example is a Library robot that should be introduced in Welsh University. The Aberystwyth University found in the United Kingdom aims at coming up with a new method of consulting the catalog where the students are required to speak to the robot, and it leads them to the title they are looking for instead of consulting the librarian for reference or typing the request. The robot was designed to listen to the spoken words from the students, apply artificial intelligence to the library catalog and then guide the students to the specific title they are requesting. “Hugh (library robot) is useful for automating or simplifying tedious and mundane tasks. Things that both staff and users don’t want to spend time on” (Chant 7).
However, I may conclude by asking this question “Will AI replace teachers?” The reality is that education sector has been impacted by Artificial intelligence both out and in the classrooms. Starting from the administrative systems like the predictive analytics of student to the learning and teaching systems that help in the interpretation of the student’s task. All these tools aim at making the teacher more effective. Nevertheless “is that how it will continue to be always?” the answer to these questions will rely mostly on the technological capabilities and policies of the education sector. Therefore, the way things get going the results will be upheld in education like in the other aspects of the people lives.
Chant, Ian. “Library Robot Coming .” Magazine 1 April 2016: 7-8.
Dickson, Ben. “How Artificial Intelligence is shaping the future of education.” Magazine 1 November 2017: 105-115.
techlearning.com. “HOW WILL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CHANGE EDUCATION?” Magazine February 2018: 8-8.