There is an obvious change in the results of new design approach; particular social settings observed for families changing neighborhoods. Due to change in the methodology design of research, the results indicate that a decline is observed in the neighborhood disadvantage during childhood days of children which increase the earnings of adults. The fact is that adult income has increased but the other social outcomes including educational attainment have remained the same. Various comparisons are made in the new methods between families living in identical neighborhoods; an instrumental variable technique used to understand the selection out of the neighborhood. The method is of utmost importance to sociology and public policy.
The new methodology is designed out of the motivation for studying the neighborhood change and gentrification. To confront the problem of selection bias, several methods and approaches have been used for years. The residential environment of children and the outcomes of their neighborhood on the social income of adults varies depending upon the methodology used. For example, MTO experiment in Chicago addresses the low-income families of Chicago who moved to a more diverse neighborhood. It was observed that kids had a better rate of higher education in the suburban neighborhoods.
An alternative approach was used which is related to the exploiting a change in the neighborhood and estimate its effects on the economic and educational lives of children and adults. Some challenges are obvious in this approach including matching the attributes of individuals. The data was gathered from PSID Panel Study of Income Dynamics related to low-income households; the level of concentrated disadvantage was measured as the primary variable in the control group.
The new method or design of research includes matching treatment and control groups which help to estimate the effects of neighborhood change in America. There are some limitations of the experimental data.The method uses a broad approach to study the effects of change and provides guidance for responding to shift in gender composition as well. The overall quality of the study is improved with the change in design.
1. Sharkey P. An Alternative Approach To Addressing Selection Into And Out Of Social Settings: Neighborhood Change And African American Children’s Economic Outcomes. 1st ed.