Alexander the Great, Legacy and Influence Around the Conquered Regions
The world from the starting is peaceful, and human is greedy to influence this peace. From individual to the international level we see the war of economy, power, and resources for which we even don’t care for a human. It is in human nature to uphold power our others. Even in our life we always want to be first for which we make different efforts likewise countries do it in the international arena. This thing does not invade newly in the human nature and politics, but it is the old practice been conducted by the different kings and emperors. They shed the blood, destroyed the infrastructure and disturbing the human life just for the sake of territoriality expansion and their rule on the resources for which history is filled with pages and books about the conquerors. There is some conqueror which influenced the big regions in which Alexander the great is one of the big names from history in the early ages in the age of thirty expanded over the large area in west and east which includes Egypt, India, and Persian all over within ten years with the well-organized army.
Alexander III son of Philip II commonly we know him as Alexander the great who is the most famous king in the history of Greek Empire. He was born 365BC when his father was king of Macedon after his father died he took up the throne only when he was 20. He was a person of strength as being a student of Aristotle until age 16. Using his power, he took up the generalship of the Army after taking up the throne and projected to expand the territory in which he succeeded to develop a good territorial control from the Adriatic Sea to the Indus River. In his era, we have seen a lot of improvement in the working also a big impact on the empire He conquered.
The legacy of the empire was mostly linked to the military campaigns, but there are many another factor which sustained the rule after being so much busy with the military campaigns. We have seen there was gap ended with this campaign there was huge trade line developed between the east and west. There is much cultural influence we can found in this century around the corner of the worlds in regions of India, Egypt and areas which were on hold of Persian Empire
Macedonia was just in the small region, later on, it introduces to the world over a huge part of east and west which was covering about 5,200,000 km2 which is the largest empire for the early ages. These area has been lead for 200 to 300 years by Macedonian successors who was the effort of Alexander the great(Bosworth, 1993).
With the development of empire, we can see the influence of them on many sides like making buildings and converting clays into marble. Many cities were developed and moderated according to that time. The most famous in all of them in Alexandria in Egypt. According to historians 20 cities at that time which were developed after His control had the name of his own to make it memorial attachment towards these cities. While Greece uses to have trades for which they moved out in those cities as after His death numbers got shorten and mostly they were settled in Alexandria which was the Mediterranea city of that time. There were numerous public buildings were with the influence of Greek architecture like traveler lounges, markets, and monuments. There were temples developed and huge funds were announced and allotted for building new temples in which the most famous is Athena Polias. While there are many others which are still under an inscription of archeologists.
The legacy of this Hellenization around the world was observed influenced all over Rome in which different aspects of development was introduced. The Greek language spread all over at that time in the Middle East and urban west side with the influence of Greek culture and architecture. We can say that the legacy of Alexander influences the Rome with the new rule set and criteria of ruling the nations with influencing the culture and their practices which were initiated by the Alexander.
In early ages Rome was the most civilized concerning economic, social and political, with all this they were educated and had a great philosopher of that time which let them with hegemony to their rule over the world. Even the Alexander died we have seen for 300 years they had a hold on the major parts of the world which includes the Egypt, India, and Persia. Persia and Rome were a power of their time, and we can say old rivalry for each other as they both had a super regime with full of military power and technology of that time but unfortunately, Persia fell in front of Alexander badly(Engels, 1980).
If we see the influence of that time in the economy; it is sure and proved by the economist that money used to flow like a river from the cities and all regions were stable with their economical standards. They were flourishing in trades and barriers were removed from all over sides and natives, as it was in same state so the routes were safe to trade around and we know time slavery was the biggest economy of Rome, and they were expanding rapidly in it. There was unit currency as metal coin been used for the mode of exchange which was new intervention in the economy and united people under one umbrella for the mode of exchange in the region of the rule.
Socially the structures at that time were well developed. There were government rule, offices, and courts where people had access to lead out their cases. There were law and order under which we can see the strict punishment for spreading illness in society while some bad days also rose up due to monarchial use of the power from the kings at that time in which we can count on the kings and generals both. They were the most civilized nation, and people tried to adopt their mode of living and traditions which we can found intervening in the 21st century in the different cultures around the world.
Language and education which were the asset of the Rome, historically if we look the books and philosopher we found them all from Roman empire in which Aristotle and Plato are the famous names those have worked a lot on the good governance and law. They open out the field of political science with their writing and thinking, in this, we can say the wellness of the Alexander also depends on the teaching and company of Aristotle as he was the first scholar in the history to describe a different form of governance with proper justification. We have seen the Latin as prominent language till 18th century concerning education. Reading English literature, we identify that Latin was part of school courses and the second language for the source of education(“The Hellenistic World,” 2012).
The gate which was opened after the massive conquering of the Alexander was the structure of management while if we match with other numerous ruler came after he worked a lot and improved with time. On that basis, we can identify flaws in the ruling structure of Alexander in which biggest critique is the military campaign versus authoritative control which is still going on with a debate among historians and Political Scientists.
Bosworth, A. B. (1993). Conquest and Empire: The Reign of Alexander the Great. Cambridge University Press.
Engels, D. W. (1980). Alexander the Great and the Logistics of the Macedonian Army. University of California Press.
The Hellenistic World: The World of Alexander the Great. (2012, January 18). Retrieved February 8, 2018, from https://www.ancient.eu/article/94/the-hellenistic-world-the-world-of-alexander-the-g/