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Language Development Factors

Language development is a process in which children start to understand and communicate vaguely at an early age. Language development occurs during the early years of life, and there is a general timing for language development, which is the first two years of life. In the first 18 months of life, children tend to have acquired and refined a new set of motor skills, which will help them transform their knowledge and experiences with various objects and related people. A comprehensive literature review is being carried out to explore the link between motor and language development. The author has argued that motor skills are essential in acquiring the language among infants (Iverson, 2010). There are different phases in a child’s language development. The development of an infant is like that at twenty weeks’ time. The infants start to sit with support and vocalize the vowel sounds. For instance, from 0 to 6 years of age, infants learn to sit independently, lean forward and have similar utterances of the single-syllables, but the recurrence of the vowels or consonants is not frequent. Between the first or during the first-word onset, infants know the meaning and practice converting that meaning into action. There are several developmental factors linked to language development. For example, children start to utter the words when they start walking.

Other studies have also linked walking with language development, such as Walle & Campos, have concluded that language is linked with walking. Walking is linked with both the receptive and productive development of a language (Walle & Campos, 2014). However, motor development is not an absolute aspect of language development because some people might have slow growth in the motor system,m but language development can be done on time (Iverson, 2010). Language development has several other factors which play a role and depend on the full range of abilities and skills. Motor development can be one aspect and one of the abilities which are linked with language development. In conclusion, the relationship between motor development and language development does exist, but it is complicated and multi-directional.

Infants tend to vocalize at a very early age, right after birth, and they start that age. Babbling is a process in which infants make sounds, but those sounds do not have any impact (Geambasu, Scheel, & Levelt, 2016). The babbling is a sign that language development has started. With the help of Babblin, the baby starts to respond and communicate with the people around them. The speech becomes clearer and clearer over a period of time as the child grows. Children who babble or produce single words during their early childhood do not mean that they will learn things instantly (Iverson, 2010). The emergence of new motor skills changes the experience of an infant with object recognition and acquisition of development and understanding of the language. To conclude, language development is one of the biggest changes in the life of an infant, and it can be a difficult process. Children take time to learn, and the onset of proper language or speaking might vary from child to child. Some children might speak at the last development stage, and the maturation or age of the child is not directly linked to language acquisition or development.


Geambasu, A., Scheel, M., & Levelt, C. C. (2016). Cross-linguistic Patterns in Infant Babbling.

Iverson, J. M. (2010). Developing language in a developing body: The relationship between motor development and language development. Journal of Child Language, 37(2), 229–261.

Walle, E. A., & Campos, J. J. (2014). Infant language development is related to the acquisition of walking. Developmental Psychology, 50(2), 336.



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