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Education

Adolescents/Young Adults Pregnancies

INTRODUCTION

Adolescents/young adults pregnancies in age group (10-24 years) is a topic which is a worldwide problem occurring in high, middle, and low-income countries. Adolescents/young adults pregnancies occur more in marginalized communities, due to lack of education, poverty, unavailability of work opportunities.

Pregnancy and childbirth are planned for some adolescents/young adult, but some girls due to social pressure get married and once they are married there is a pressure to have children. Every year 15 million young girls are married before they even turn 18 years old, and 90% of births occur to girls within their marriage between aged 15 to 19 years.

Adolescents/young adults have difficulty to access contraception due to prohibited laws and strategies based on age or marital status, their lack of ability to get access to contraceptives is due to several reasons like lack of knowledge regarding contraceptives, transportation, and monetary issues. They even face challenges that prevent use and regular and correct use of contraception, even when they are able to get hold of contraceptives but due to lack of knowledge on how to use it correctly, pressure to have children, stigma surrounding being involved in sexual activity without being married, contraceptive use side effects fear, and factors contributing to discontinuation makes it difficult for young people of this age group to utilize contraceptives.

Early childbearing can increase the threat for newborn babies along with adolescents/young adults mothers, babies who are born to mothers who are under 20 years of age, in low and middle-income countries are at higher danger of being born with preterm delivery, low birthweight, and neonatal conditions along with long-term effects.

Adolescents/young adults living with HIV are more than 2 million in number. Deaths related to HIV has lowered down by 30%, peak in number from 2006 estimates suggest that HIV related deaths among adolescents/young adults are on rising, young people need to learn and acquire ways of how to secure themselves and also must have means to do so this include being able to obtain condoms to prevent themselves from sexually transmitted diseases.

Rationale

Adolescents/young adult age is the phase during which there is a transition from childhood to adulthood, young people in this age group face many sexual and reproductive health dangers, related to early and unprotected sexual activity that includes unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. Many women in this age group are unmarried but sexually active while some women marry and give birth in just a few years between ages 15-19 years without having enough knowledge regarding the services that they need to protect their health and childbearing if they desire to do so, usage of contraceptives among this age group is very low due to numerous factors such as limited and ineffectual utilization of contraceptives and these include lack of knowledge and awareness regarding the utilization of contraceptives, their availability, and accessibility, misbelief regarding the utilization of contraceptives.

The developing world needs to work on many programmes in order to help adolescents to meet their family planning goals. Adolescents/young adults face more difficulties than adults in acquiring contraceptives, where contraceptive services are available,young people, particularly individuals who are unmarried and involve in sexual activity, will be unable to acquire them due to prohibited laws and strategies and dread that their privacy won’t be regarded and in addition the stigma related with early sex, adolescents/young adults girls will not feel at ease in visiting clinics for contraception even if they are youth-friendly. Postponing childbearing requires a lot of focus on numerous factors such as the timing of having sex for the first time, effective use of contraceptives, social, cultural and economic factors.

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