Academic Master

Human Resource And Management

Property Loss Prevention


Individual community members are frequently the first ones to suffer when emergencies occur. As a result of an emergency, not only human life is disrupted but there are a huge property and economic loss. What measures need to be taken before, during, and after a catastrophe need to be carefully evaluated keeping the possible options in mind? Careful monitoring and planning, along with appropriate mitigation measures are needed to counter property loss(McEntire & Smith,2007).

Types of Property Damage

Calamities are public problems in communal social entities; not subjected to a few persons. In any catastrophe, emergency focused organizations are certainly involved (Drabek,2005). These would normally include fire and police departments, hospitals, the local Red Cross chapter, the local emergency management agency, Property/Casualty Insurance Industry Organizations and the public utilities. Property loss prevention measures vary significantly, from one community to another, also depending on the crisis. The emergency could be individualistic focusing on one property as a result of water flooding or house fire, or it could be bigger than that. When floods, earthquakes or any other natural calamity strikes, there is massive property damage. Effective organizational planning and community disaster management must recognize that catastrophes as qualitative unlike minor emergencies (Quarantelli,1993). Many of the property damaging tools presently available are a humble match for disruptions caused by natural disasters. Insurance companies chiefly operate to cater to property damage caused on a huge scale.

Property Loss as result of Natural disasters

Property loss prevention standards in the governmental disaster-response system depend on explicit objectives varying from mitigation planning, emergency preparedness, responsive actions, and recovery. The formal structure of correspondences, management, and communication also affects emergency management. Sometimes due to the failure of federal and local correspondence or proper allocation of resources, the whole burden falls on those who are affected to grow back. Also, formal guidelines and procedures like FEMA regulations etc. act as the guiding principles. Major cataclysmic events like the Hurricane Katrina caused property loss on a huge scale. The affected people, till date, couldn’t fully recover (Waugh,2005).

Federal, state and local levels of government feasibility to provide property protection

The role of Federal and local agencies aim to provide help and support to its citizens. Yet there is a continuous dilemma concerning their role, all across the country. The Federal agencies often know a lot about the hazards both natural and manmade disasters impose, but don’t have the power to act (Mcloughlin, 1985).Local governments have the right and power to act, particularly through zoning areas, but most don’t have the ability to gather all the technical data or lack resources. As a result of this, the people who own a property should keep in touch with their insurance agencies. (Kapucu et al.,2010). The issue is that citizens expect the government to act as an aid or last option but insurance agencies keep in touch from the very beginning before you own a property(Wise,2006).Only when natural disasters destroy communities, relief is provided in terms of food or shelters but rarely help is given to the people to recover from property loss or damage (Blanchard,2015). Providing emergency relief is one of the government’s most significant roles but rarely includes property loss aid (Kapucu,2009).

The National Response Framework openly states the roles and responsibilities of actors and stakeholders at the time of a disaster. The visibly acknowledge the role of insurance agencies to facilitate their affected clients in order to rescue the property and build it back (Mcloughlin, 1985). National Security Council, the Secretary of Defense, the Attorney General, the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Secretary of State and all Departments and Agencies all address the property loss problems at the time of a disaster. But their roles are carefully designated in an emergency response framework that is constantly in practice and can only help to their limit (Kapucu,2009).

Property Loss prevention Steps

Property loss prevention is a thorough process which needs to be handled carefully; especially in the USA where citizens suffer from flooding, fires, earthquakes, and landslides. It is a thorough process and needs proper planning and homework.

The following five factors are needed, keeping in mind to address Property Risk Management.

  1. Mitigation

When a house is bought, a thorough research should be conducted to get maximum information, about the prevalent risks associated with the property. It is extremely important to incorporate comprehensive market research and include a property insurance agent (Saunders & Cornett,2003). Following questions need to be addressed (Brownlee,2012):

  • What are the prevalent threats?
  • Any previous property damage incidents?
  • What kind of actions need to be undertaken?
  • Were the risks associated can be caused as a result of natural disasters?
  • The old property setup should be kept intact or transitions should be made to avoid flooding or similar risks.

A proper feasibility analysis, keeping in mind the current weather, time framework and property insurance should be considered. It should be a long, tedious process of careful planning (Kolluru et al., 1996).

  1. Budgeting

The most important thing to consider for property loss prevention is budget. It is important to assess; what will be the incurring costs as result of property damage and how much investment should be made to prevent property damage (Shapiro,2005).

The budget also depends on the following factors (Payne, Heath & Gale., 1999):

  • How much money can you invest to prevent property damage?
  • The cost of materials to be used.
  • Any additional changes to the renovation plan.

It is always important that before finalizing a property, to conduct a risk assessment. Properties which are more prone disasters have more insurance costs as compared to other properties. Also, negotiate the incurring value given to you by the contractor. For this, it is extremely important to be aware, yourself (Payne, Heath & Gale., 1999).

  1. Time-frame

It is always advised to consider a time frame of possible risks associated with property damage. Skipping the planning process to save time, will affect the proprietor in future. Therefore, it is stressed to first take two, three months to just plan out everything before buying a property and fixing the property accordingly. Checks and balances need to be considered when working on property risk assessment (Saunders & Cornett,2003).

  1. Insurance coverage

It is always important to consider your insurance coverage. It is best to get an actuary to help you conduct a risk assessment. The amount of deductibles is another important factor to keep in mind. Properties more prone to disasters have high insurance costs. Getting in touch with the insurance agency will help to prioritize immediate concerns and how much work needs to be done for future preventive measures (Slovic et al.,1982).

  1. Right contractor

At the last, it is very important to find a suitable contractor for your work. Making adjustments to your house, investing in regulators, automatic sump pumps etc. all need to be considered. Some contractors are highly efficient in preventing property loss (Zavadskas et al.,2010). For example, Roofing is a guaranteed renovation needed over time. Therefore, it is easier to find opinions of neighbors, who have hired.Some contractors, drag your work and hence affect the overall renovation process; whether it is an incomplete job, high expenditures, not following contract terms, overcharging, delaying or not conforming to ideas (Jannadi & Almishari.,2003).


The risk assessment will help to determine the extent and nature of risk and is vital for laying the risk management policies. The process of undertaking risk assessment allows for monitoring and mitigation of risks and helps to prevent possible property loss (Kapucu,2009)


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