The Buddha is the founder of the Buddhism one of the mightiest religion in Asia. Buddha was one of the greatest men all time and great was his teaching which the Buddhism religion of humanity become. Buddha was born in the Kapilavastu from the clan of Kshatriya which lived in the Tarain region of modern Nepal. His father was Suddhodana the son of Sakya chief of Kapilavastu. Buddha’s mother was Maya Devi who died seven days following Buddha’s birth and as a result, Buddha was nursed by his step-mother. The exact dates of birth and death of Buddha are not known in history, however, it is believed that Buddha lived for about 80 years. Much of Buddha’s life was shrouded in mystery. However, much of his life appears clearer from the Buddhist sources. It is said that Buddha showed signs of detachment towards the worldly life and as a khytriya prince, he was given the customary training in driving chariot, riding horse, and use of arms and weapons. At the age of 16 Buddha got married to Yosodhara and the marriage was yet another bond for thoughtful prince. At the age of 29, Buddha disappeared to the world of into darkness from a home to a homeless life leaving behind his wife and son as well as his old father. For 45 years, Buddha travelled with his followers to preach his doctrines. Buddha died at the age of 80 at a place called Kusinagar in the modern Uttar Pradesh.
Origin of Buddha
Buddha was born royal prince in 624 BC in Lumbini the modern Nepal which was originally in northern India. His parents named him Siddhartha and his life had many predictions. In his early years, Buddha lived as a prince in his royal palace but at the age of 29 he retired to the forest where he followed a spiritual life of meditation. Buddha attained enlightenment after six under the Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya.
Sacrifices which he made on his path
At the age of 29, Buddha decided to renounce the world and came out of the palace leaving behind his son, wife and his old father. Buddha disappeared into the darkness accompanied by Chhanna, his faithful charioteer. Buddha disappeared from a home to a homeless life. This big event in Buddha’s life is termed as the Great Renunciation.
At the territory of Sakya, Buddha asked his faithful charioteer to go back to Kapilavastu and tell his father not to look for his whereabouts because he had fully accepted the homeless way of life of a roaming monk. However, the devoted charioteer insisted that he should stay the prince, but Buddha persuaded him to return home saying that a man is born alone and must die alone. The whole truth of life was hidden in his loneliness. Buddha wanted to search the truth alone.
Buddha moved to Rajagriha and tried to satisfy his inner hunger in front of two leaned saints named Udraka and Alara. Buddha tried to seek guidance from different wise teachers for some time but there was no satisfaction. Afterwards he chose to subject himself to extreme physical pain. He went dense into the forest away from human beings and practiced hard penance. He wandered from place to place for six years in quest for answers to his doubts. Buddha practiced serious penance by reducing his body almost to skins and bones in Uruvila near Gaya.
Contribution of Buddha’s Sacrifice to the Foundation of Buddhism
For about 45 years, Buddha used to travel with his disciples preaching his doctrines. Buddha visited many places such as Kapilavastu where his son Rahul was converted to the new faith and become a monk. Princes and people alike were attracted towards his teachings. Besides, at places such as Rajagriha, Uruvila, and Benares, hundreds of people became his disciples. Buddha’s message also spread among myriads of men in Magadha, Kapilavastu, and Shravasti. Buddha’s effort contributed to a new wave of religious thinking across the country.
Personal Experience of Monks, Wanders, and Pilgrims
Joining a monastery is not easy as people think. An individual does not just come conclusion that they want to join. It is a spiritual journey which takes time. The reason why it takes time is because a person need to be sure about the life they want to lead. If individual realizes that they cannot a life devotion, they can quit while trying to join the monastery. However, once people individuals say their final vows for joining monastery, it is difficult quit.
A wander’s life is usually characterized by renunciation of his or her normal life in search for ultimate meaning of life. For instance, Buddha renounced his life as a prince and began to move from place to place as a devoted wanderer. Wanderers are driven by search of ultimate meaning of life. Wanderers usually turn to an extreme life of deprivation hoping to find the answers they are looking for. Buddha deprived and starved his soul in search of meaning of life and anticipating that these extreme measures may hold the truth.
Buddhism journey is enjoyable and brings together people with a common interest in from all works of life. Pilgrims mediate under the Bodhi tree and this is usually their enjoyable time. Buddha narrates that his favorite moment was meditating under the Bodhi tree in the morning. The meditation was focused on things to point and his knowledge of holy sites and their locations were limited too. Therefore, it is great to put images and names to the stories and something pilgrims can build upon.
How Monks, Wanders, and Pilgrims look for Enlightenment or Bodhi?
These individuals come to look for enlightenment through deep meditation. It is with this supreme resolve that these individuals come to attain that peace of mind. Through deep meditation, these individuals get enlightenment and attain the truth. The famous Bodh Gaya was named after the Bodh Tree which is the tree under which the Buddha got the enlightenment. The enlightenment helps these individuals to understand the truth underlying life as a whole, for instance, desire is the cause of suffering, life is full of suffering, and desire is destroyed by right living.
Role of “Dharma” and “Nirvana”
Dharma and nirvana provides the foundation for Buddhist morality and impacts the religious concept of justice. Dharma and nirvana form a cosmic path which directs the soul into reincarnation towards attaining the ultimate goal of enlightenment. The two concepts are related which makes it possible to realize the goal of enlightenment. Dharma teaching allows individuals to live in harmony with the world enabling them to accumulate positive nirvana and experience favourable events in present and future life.
Role of Personal Experience within the Religious Experience
Religious experience has been round in a wide of framework since the humans developed language and symbols. Religious experience can be viewed in various different ways. For example, the experiences may be viewed as from the religion itself and religious experience based on mind.
Religious experience of an individual viewed within a particular religion
Each religion is usually initiated by profound experience of the superiority of the founder. For instance, Buddhism started with the enlightenment of Buddha and proceeded to Zen emphasizing the importance of one’s direct experience of enlightenment. The essence of an individual’s experience in the religion is based on its transformational possibilities. With each religion the direct emphasis usually falls on the correct ritual, belief, practice, and for acceptance for ones status in the religion. Buddhism has its precepts for laity and monks and the doctrine of the Buddha as documented in the Dhammapada.
Personal experience on experience based on mind
About 2,000 before Freud, a religion emerged in India that was founded on the intentional exploration of the nature of the mind. For instance, Buddhism is fully founded on realizing the nature of the mind and its ground or source through deep meditation. Buddhism teaches the followers in awareness of the mind dynamics by being aware of its tendency to deny, project, distort, and engage in different activities. In Buddhism this breakthrough is known as enlightenment. From such experience, one entirely realizes the non-conceptual way the basic tenets of Buddhism: the wisdom and compassion, the impermanence and interdependence of all things.
Religious education not only contributes to the development of young individuals and their personal reflection, but also heightens respect for other people’s beliefs and helps to build a diverse and cohesive society. Therefore, to neglect religious educations is to neglect the future. The current role of reflective learning in religion today ranges from freedom of conscience to good practice. Reflective learning contributes significantly to the education of the whole person. Good religious education upholds the freedom of conscience of a young individual while reflecting of their traditional beliefs and expectations. Besides, reflecting learning of religion provides a place for a younger person to reflect belonging and being cherished by within a community. Besides, reflective learning helps to instil good practice in the society at general.
Individual knowledge and communal learning helps to underpin individual’s reflection and beliefs which forms the basis of a religion.