In this case study, a suspect was arrested from the department store based on the suspicions presented by the security guard. Along with this, the suspects were placed under cuffs at the scene of the crime by officer Martinez. Once the suspicion was confirmed, the suspect was explained about his Miranda rights by the office. On explaining the rights he further mentioned that he needs a lawyer which then led to his transfer towards the local jail(“Miranda Rights”, 2020). In this paper, an overview of Constitutional amendments related to the case along with the relation with Edward rules will be highlighted. Towards the end of the paper, the suspect’s confession and its admissibility will be discussed.
Constitutional amendments related to the case:
Based on the situation faced by the current suspect,a constitutional amendment that fits well in the current situation is the Fifth Amendment(“Miranda Rights”, 2020). In terms of the Fifth Amendment, different aspects of the criminal procedure along with other aspects of the constitution will be addressed(Murphy, 2011). Moreover, this constitutional amendment addresses the rights against self-incrimination. According to this United States Bill of rights, individuals are protected from being compelled to witness against themselves in a certain case(Murphy, 2011). One of the common terms used by the criminals in terms of the Fifth Amendment is known as “pleading the fifth”. Moreover, with the help of this bill of rights anything that jeopardizes the rights of the suspects. A fair trial and jury are guaranteed with the help of the Fifth Amendment(Murphy, 2011). By “pleading the fifth” the right of being used as a witness and question/answer session with the professionals is removed without any penalty involved. Hence, the defendants are saved from giving any other statement after their initial ones. In this case study, the suspect is made aware of his Miranda rights. After his initial statement, he requested a lawyer which highlights how he pleaded fifth. Moreover, any other question/answer session carried out with the suspect will be done under the supervision of the suspect’s lawyer. Research suggests that the Fifth Amendment is a way of ensuring that the suspects can receive their rights in law enforcement.
Relation with Edwards rule:
Similar to the need for a legal guardian for interrogation with teenagers, the suspects must be provided with an attorney before carrying out any further investigation(Edwards, 2012). Based on Edward’s rule, this rule prohibits the police from starting an investigation with the suspect before the arrival of the attorney after the suspect has requested one(Edwards, 2012). In this case, when the initial statement was taken from the suspect, he requested a lawyer. If officer Martinez would have carried out interrogation after that it would have been illegal. However, once the suspect requested the lawyer, concerning the Edward rule, Officer Martinez is not allowed to carry any further investigation with the suspect. Hence the case related to Edward’s rules since no same police officers or the law enforcement officials who were present during the time of arrest or transfer in jail are not allowed to the statement of the suspect.
Suspect’s confession and its admissibility:
In the current case study and based on the situation faced by the suspect, in my opinion, the confession made by suspect is not admissible. Suspect made his confession after the Miranda rights were read to him(“Miranda Rights”, 2020). From this, it can be inferred that the confession of the suspect might be because of the reason that he was unable to listen to Miranda rights. Moreover, the confession might be due to the reasons that the suspect knowingly and intelligently surrendered considering his confession will not be admissible. Other than this, the suspect invoked his right to the attorney. With the right invoked towards an attorney, any other statement made by the suspect in front of the police officer or any of the law enforcement officers will not admissible for the court trail if the case goes to trial(“Miranda Rights”, 2020). Based on Edward rule, his statement in front of police officers will not be admissible after he requested for an attorney. When the suspect is provided with the attorney, any statement made by him will be admissible and included as an official record for the course trail.
To conclude, in this case study, the suspect was made aware of the Miranda rights after he made his statement. After that the suspect requested for an attorney. Based on the current situation, a constitutional amendment that fits well in the current situation is the Fifth Amendment as with the help of this amendment the suspect will prevent himself from being presented as a witness in his own case(Murphy, 2011). A fair trial and jury is guaranteed with the help of Fifth Amendment(Murphy, 2011). By “pleading the fifth” the right of being used as a witness and question/answer session with the professionals is removed without any penalty involved. Moreover, this case study relates with the Edward rules as the suspect requested for an attorney after which no police officer or law enforcement officer is allowed to take statement from the suspect unless his attorney is present(Edwards, 2012). Towards the end of the case study, the statement of case study is not acceptable and admissible as he gave his statement after Miranda rights were explained to him(“Miranda Rights”, 2020).
Murphy, E. (2011). DNA and the Fifth Amendment. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1823722
Miranda Rights. HISTORY. (2020). Retrieved 8 March 2020, from https://www.history.com/topics/united-states-constitution/miranda-rights.
Edwards, A. (2012). U.S. Supreme Court Limits Edwards Rule. Historia Mathematica, 18(2), 177. https://doi.org/10.1016/0315-0860(91)90499-n