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Human Resource And Management

World Health Organisation Essay

History and size of the Organisation

The world health organisation started in 1948, under the United Nations. The organisation headquarters is in Geneva, Switzerland. The world health organisation formed after an agreement among the UN member countries. The countries felt the need to come up with a body specializing in ensuring proper health. Health problems included deadly communicable diseases such as malaria and small pox. The duty of this organisation was to come with cures and vaccines to curb the spread of the diseases. Educating member country citizens on the best ways to stay away from communicable diseases was also part of their duty (World Health Organisation, 2017).

The organisation has a large building in Geneva which is the headquarter office. This building is large housing very many offices. The offices include the organisations president office and other offices for the member country representatives. The offices occupy a large piece of land to house the many office. The staff composes of both male and female genders without bias. The staff number is very high due to the many employees in the various offices in member countries. The world health organisation specialists in giving health services. The services include such as providing vaccines for communicable diseases and ensuring hygiene among member countries. There are very many international branches, which include offices among the member countries of United Nations (World Health Organisation, 2017).

Image of organisation building

Organisation structure

The organisation splits into various levels of responsibility (World Health Organisation, 2017). The levels flow from the top rank up to the lowest rank at the bottom. Each of the levels have different responsibilities with the lower ranks answering to the high ranks. The top level consist of the organisation assembly, which makes laws for the organisation. In addition, a director general leads in voting and budgeting decisions. In addition, an executive board carry out decisions made by the assembly. They also advice and facilitate the assembly with reports to make informed decisions. There are also regional organisations, which run activities in the member countries. The duties include advising on budgets and making decisions at regional levels (James Michael Stewart, 2015).

The organisation has a tall hierarchy made up of various levels of command. The running of the organisation is through various ranks from the top to bottom. Each rank carries out different tasks for the smooth running of the organisation. The span of control involves top ranks being responsible for the activities of immediate lower ranks. The low ranks report to the high ranks giving them reports on their activities. Low ranks follow the guidelines set by the high levels of management. For example, the executive board reports to the assembly on whether the regional offices are fulfilling their duties set by the assembly (Robert J. Anderson, 2015).

Additionally there are various departments within the organisation. There are major departments such as the health department, which carries out activities concerning health. There are various activities under this department such as maintaining hygiene within member countries and controlling diseases among member countries. This department concerns itself with coming up with vaccines and researching medicines to cure diseases such as small pox and malaria. Moreover, there is the finance department, which is responsible for collecting and disbursing funds. This department collects funds from member countries and donors to run organisational activities. They also pay out funds for expenses incurred by the organisation. They make financial reports and give detailed account of how finances were utilised (Jones, 2017).

Organisational chart


The world health organisation formed under a partnership of member countries and other parties (World Health Organisation, 2017). The parties include health research bodies and scientific medical researchers. The members in the partnership have a common goal of coming up with medical solutions to health problems. The members of the organisation provide finances to the organisation through member fees and donations. They also provide expertise for the organisation such as doctors and medical researchers. The countries also provide operation bases for the organisation to build offices within the regions. The countries also provide protection to the staff in regional offices from external attacks (Nigel, 2007).

Pros of being a partnership

The organisation enjoys various advantages for being a partnership. There are advantages such as availing of a large pool of funds from the members. This means that the organisation usually enjoy a large finance base to sponsor its activities. The organisation thus runs activities smoothly without financial shortages (William, 2012).

Moreover, the organisation enjoys the advantage of a large pool of expertise from the member countries. The member countries usually avail their experts on medical issues to the organisation. This is very beneficial because the expertise avail knowledge to curb the spread of communicable diseases.

Cons of being a partnership

The organisation suffers shortcomings of a partnership. The main disadvantage that the organisation faces include that of slow decision-making. This is a challenge to the organisation whereby important decisions take long to make. The fact that member countries require to meet in order to deliberate on decisions cause this (Noe, 2014).

However, the organisation has a board of directors who oversee the activities of the organisation. The board members come from the member countries. The responsibilities of each member of the board involves reporting to the organisation assembly on activities of the regional offices. The regional offices should operate according to the guidelines provided by the organisation assembly (Shafer, 2013).

The organisation shareholding splits among the member countries each with a right to get assistance on medical issues. The countries usually call on the organisation to assist on medical issues. For example in cases such as Ebola outbreaks where the affected countries seek help from the World Health Organisation. Moreover, the organisation has license from the United Nations to carry out health related activities among the UN member countries.

The organisation has a mission statement, which is the attainment by all people of the highest possible level of health. This reflects the objective of the organisation, which is to ensure that the world citizens stop dying of diseases. Additionally the organisation adopts a finance system of receiving donations and member fees from member countries (James, 2015).

Organisational structures

The world health organisation requires keen analysis of forces within its operation environment. This entails analysis on SWOT and PEST factors affecting the organisation. SWOT analysis enables the organisation in determining its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. Therefore proper analysis of these factors result to knowledge on how well to utilise opportunities within the environment to organisations advantage. Moreover, PEST analysis enable an organisation to understand the political, environmental, social and political issues surrounding them. World health organisation analyses these factors to come up with solutions to problems accompanying each factor.

PEST analysis

Political analysis refers to the environment resulting from politics within member countries. The organisation faces different political environments among the member countries. Some countries have a violent political climate, which make it difficult to run operations. However, some countries have cool political climates making it possible for smooth operations (Leiyu, 2015).

Environmental factors refers to the surrounding of the organisation. Environments differ in various countries with some having clean environment and others having poor environments. However, the world health organisation assist in creating policies that ensure clean environments and high hygiene.

Social factors refer to beliefs of member countries. These beliefs result to different responses to the organisations policies. A good example is how the Roman Catholic is against the use of contraceptives. This brings about a social problem in trying to achieve the goal of family planning.

Technical issues refers to advancements in technology. The organisation deals with various situations, which either hinder operations or make them successful. The organisation faces problems in introducing new health technology in poor member countries (Noe, 2014).

SWOT analysis

Strengths of the organisation involves include a large financial base to cater for financial needs of the organisation. The many member countries contribute to the organisation making it financially stable to run activities. The large pool of experts from the member countries also provide knowledge on health issues affecting the member countries (Jones, 2017).

Additionally there are weaknesses that the organisation faces. The major weaknesses is lack of trust from countries who as a result fail to join the organisation. The consequence of this is reduction of organisation membership. This is a challenge to the goal of the organisation to provide health services to all countries in the world.

Moreover, the organisation enjoys various opportunities such as being able to utilise experts to come up with cures to diseases such as HIV/AIDS. The large pool of medical experts in the organisation and funds could result to a breakthrough in finding the cure of HIV/AIDS (Leiyu, 2015).


Organisation efficiencies

The world health organisation enjoys efficiencies in operations, which come from their large finance base and pool of expertise. They are efficient in responding to crisis in member countries such as Ebola outbreaks. The organisation responds by coming up with cures and vaccines for illness. They have been successful in coming up with vaccines for tuberculosis.

Organisation Inefficiencies

The organisation is inefficient in appealing to countries to join. Most countries are still afraid of joining the organisation due to lack of trust in its operations. The organisation therefore suffers a problem of few memberships, which is contrary to their goal.

Solution to inefficiency

The organisation should appeal to the whole world to build trust. The organisational operations require a level of transparency that the countries that do not trust can trust. The organisation should also use member countries to convince the rest to join.


James , M. C. (2015). Certified Information Systems Security Professional. Sybex.

Jones, C. I. (2017). Macroeconomics (4th ed.). W.W. Norton & Company.

Leiyu , D. A. (2015). U.S. Health Care System. Jones and Bartlett Learning.

Nigel , S. C. (2007). Operations Management. In S. C. Nigel Slack, Operations Management (pp. 536-577). Madrid ,Spain: Pearson.

Noe, H. (2014). Human Resource Management. Mcgraw Hill Education.

Robert J. Anderson, W. A. (2015). Mastering Leadership. Newyork: Wiley.

Shafer, D. (2013). Introductory Statistics. North Carolina: Saylor Foundation.

Singleton, R. A. (2017). Approaches to Social Reasearch. Oxford University Press.

William , T. C. (2012). Business Data Communication. Pearson.

World Health Organisation. (2017). Retrieved from World Health Organisation Website:



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