Academic Master

Education, English

Women’s Rights And Issues In African Countries

In African countries, women’s rights and issues have not been given priority for a more extended period. However with the increasing numbers of women in the writings, such s Head has enabled the society and outside the world understands how African women are struggling to have some independence from the male. During her time of writing, South African women struggled under the men’s regime. She had to write against the backdrop of the most unchangeable as well as essential lives of women in South Africa. She highlighted being born a woman in Africa by giving a broad insight about women in Botswana, hence a lot of understanding from her position whereby she tried to understand the fates and experiences of women in the society. Just like her case, she gives a clear indication in no given way that sexual abuse is not justifiable in African countries.

Women have, for a long time, cried for space. They have participated only in the reproduction activities in the society while men have dominated the production sector. Black women had faced a lot of discrimination, harassment as well as emotional abuse of the black women. Apartheid was the leading cause which brought a lot of differences in sexuality and cultural differences in African society. Bessie has taken middle-class women as an example of the definition of what women in Africa are undergoing under a patriarchal system in a community. More so, apart from women working in their husband’s farms where the men were the primary beneficiaries of the commodities produced, women should also participate in a lot of home activities such as preparing food, collecting firewood, cooking, and washing, among others (Brown, 1981).

In her writing, Head has tried to come up with a lot of bitterness, whereby she attempts to explain the real situation of prejudice and its causes. In her works, she mentioned that even women could participate in economy building and indeed, women, when given an opportunity, can also be an opportunity to serve in higher positions, women in a socio-cultural condition where many were disadvantaged. The primary focus of Head was to create an environment of humans where men and women would work together to create a productive climate regardless of gender, class, or race. Even in her works, she has received a lot of criticism; some called her a feminist, but she refused the term by explaining that for a woman to write a book, she does not have to be a feminist. Gender and intellectual ability do not relate. Both males and females can write and achieve their heart desires. She saw herself as one among many other African women who are struggling under oppression and sexual prejudices (Nfah-Abbenyi, 1997).

Women’s empowerment has come from such a considerable force that no individual has ever imagined it. Women’s writing has, in many ways, miraculously and meticulously occupied its position; hence, it has become so surprising and essential to understanding that the feminist spark started a long time ago. Many of the female writers have become an inspiration to many women to overcome a lot of issues they are undergoing in the male-dominated society. Now, Women have come with a more significant force and demand all the kinds of rights they have been denied over a more extended period. Women now can do what any man can do and do it best.


Brown, L. W. (1981). Women writers in black Africa (Vol. 21). Praeger Pub Text.

Nfah-Abbenyi, J. M. (1997). Gender in African women’s writing: identity, sexuality, and difference. Indiana University Press.

Head, B. (2012). The Deep River.



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