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What was the Great Depression? ID terms: Herbert Hoover, unemployment in the Depression, repatriation, Tydings-McDuffie Act, Dust Bowl, Smoot-Hawley Tariff, effects of the Great Depression

After the stock market crash in October 1929, the world suffered from a great economic crisis known as the Great Depression. It lasted for almost a decade, ending in 1939. Wall Street suffered a major loss and millions of investors went bankrupt. Millions more faced unemployment in the Depression. By the time this crisis reached its lowest point, almost fifteen million US residents were jobless. During this time the Presidential Office was held by Herbert Hoover; he advised the citizens to work harder and implored all businesses not to lay off any employees so that the production may continue and help in sustaining the economy. However; the problem ran deeper and these humble measures could not help alleviate this crisis. The local governments and officials decided to take matters into their own hands by attempting a series of informal raids known as “Repatriation Drives”. In these raids, they deported nearly two million Mexican people. It is estimated that almost sixty percent of the Mexicans were American citizens so this repatriation was an exile from their own country. The logic behind this act was that the Mexicans were stealing American jobs while the US residents suffered from unemployment. Although the Depression was over by 1939; its effects lingered on till 1941. This is when World War II started and the young men were drafted into the army; creating more jobs and allowing women to join the workforce.



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