Biomedical engineering (BME) is the use of engineering principles to provide solutions for medical and biological issues and improve healthcare. Numerous biomedical technologies and instruments that we use today were designed by biomedical engineers to achieve this purpose.
Biomedical engineers cover lab research, engineering workbenches, and even hospitals. They are responsible for developing and experimenting with a range of technologies like PET and MRI scans, X-ray imaging, pacemakers, prenatal ultrasound, arthroscopic surgery, prosthetic limbs, and even artificial hip implants.
Not only does this field strive to improve healthcare, but is also working towards improving the economy and has many excellent opportunities for biomedical engineering graduates from the American International University and other similar institutes. Keep reading to learn more about this field.
Biomedical Engineering Definition
Biomedical engineering is the use of engineering principles in biology and medicine to improve healthcare. Problem-solving strategies from engineering have been in use for quite some time which also reflects in evolved healthcare, diagnosis, recovery, and various treatments. Medical devices like prosthetics, pacemakers, stem cell engineering, and 3D prints of internal organs are just a few examples.
Engineering alone is a vast and innovative field and covers an array of other fields like aerospace, sonar technology, skyscrapers, and automobiles. Biomedical engineering is simply a specialized branch of engineering that focuses on human health and the healthcare industry.
Biomedical Engineering Specifics
Biomedical engineering can be differentiated from other types of engineering easily as it places great emphasis on human health and the medical industry. Biomedical engineers make use of modern biological information and engineering processes to come up with solid medical solutions. Biomedical engineering makes use of the following subjects to do this:
- Electrical engineering
- Computer science
- Mechanical engineering
- Chemical engineering
- Material science
- Human biology
Biomedical engineering has many subfields as well. Some of these include medical imaging, the design of active/passive devices, tissue/stem cell engineering, clinical engineering, orthopedic implants, and biomedical signal processing.
A Biomedical Engineer’s Job
Biomedical engineers can work in an array of settings and industries. Most are often part of the development of current innovative ideas, the design/development of new technology, and are also part of the latest research being conducted. They are also responsible for implementing, developing, and testing new medical instruments and equipment.
Engineers also set safety standards for each new device and may also be entrepreneurs or CEOs of biomedical startups. Stem cell engineers are experimenting with artificial human organs to ensure successful transplants. A few successful bioengineering byproducts include dental tools, pacemakers, coronary stents, prosthetics, ambulatory devices, internal implants, and orthopedic implants. On the other hand, clinical biomedical engineers work towards setting safety standards for medical equipment.
Biomedical Engineering Career Paths
These engineers work hard to create products for the healthcare industry that are high quality but cost-effective. Manufacturing engineers can take on leadership roles and even manage teams for equipment production. Examples of these products include:
- Imaging tools
- Prosthetic limbs
- Hip implants
- Hospital equipment
A developer uses biomaterials such as live human tissue or synthetic materials to come up with substitutes. These engineers take part in nano implants, implant design, drug delivery, and even tissue engineering. By doing so, they help revive lost bodily functions and help detect diseases.
Consultants work as part of medical/research institutions to give recommendations, advice, and guidance. Their suggestions directly affect equipment use, process execution, and workforce organization including other crucial decisions. Consultants also often work with an array of businesses and stakeholders.
Researchers or biomedical scientists take part in clinical tests to derive solutions for human health improvement. They also perform scientific experiments to obtain medical solutions, test products for safety and research the latest developments in the biomedical niche. Researchers also often work in the biomechanics field to help design biomedical devices. It has been predicted that biomedical scientist jobs will grow by 17% between the years 2021 and 2031.
Biomedical engineers can also become doctors if they study a relevant degree to become a surgeon/physician. These job posts are also expected to grow by 3% from 2021 to 2031 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. A doctor, physician, or surgeon can work at a clinic or hospital and can treat several diseases and perform surgeries.
These engineers work on different kinds of projects such as medical virtual reality systems, equipment that allows patients to walk again, etc. They may also create custom solutions based on unique patient needs and new research.
Biomedical Engineer Salary
All engineers are paid well and this includes biomedical engineers. Most new biomedical engineers earn around $63,575 while experts may even make six-figure salaries. The average annual salary of a biomedical engineer as reported by the United States Department of Labor is $101,020. The top 10% earn a whopping $154,750 on average.
The future of biomedical engineering is quite bright, and entering the field or advancing towards a biomedical engineering career is a great choice. The best part is that there are several opportunities and career paths that you can choose from to make a hefty salary right from the start.