We have various training programs that people tend to use all over the world. Many of the training programs does not have any principles attached to them making them less effective. Sports are becoming one of the greatest events all over the world, and many people who are involved in sports would like to excel. It is paramount to point out that without proper training it is very difficult for an individual to do well in any sport. As the adage goes, practice makes perfect. The training an individual will undertake before engaging in any sports is very critical. It is because of that that the paper is going to critically look at the various training programs that are built on principles.
It is important to point out that the best training packages are always put together on principles of progression, overload, reversibility, and specificity. Trainers together with the trainees can also use the FITT acronym so that they can be able to recall the things or rather activities that they are supposed to consider when they are tailoring programs for different people who have different sporting goals. FITT stands for Frequency, Intensity, Time, and type. When the trainers can develop this kind of program, it is going to go a long way in helping the individuals gain more and attain their set goals (Prentice et al., 2013). The training of an individual must always be matched to the needs of the sporting activities so that it can improve the fitness in the body parts that the sport is going to use. For an individual to improve his fitness, he will have to train more than they normally do on a normal day. An individual can decide to start slowly and then increase the intensity and the amount of training as you keep overloading. It is critical for the individual to understand that any adaptation that will take place when an individual is training will always be reversed when an individual is not training anymore (Kawamori et al., 2004)
When an individual is planning for a proper training program, it is paramount that they put into consideration the FITT principles. The frequency will stand for the number of training an individual is going to undertake. It is critical that an individual decides how often he is going to engage in a training session. The second principle is intensity. The individual will determine how hard they are going to train depending on the kind of activity they are going to engage their bodies. The third guiding principle is time. Individuals will decide how long they are going to engage in a training session. It all depends on the kind of sporting activity an individual is going to engage in and the endurance of the trainee. The fourth principle is the type of training. It is critical that an individual decides on which method of training they are going to use (Holding, 2013).
However, it is very critical for individuals to consider the principle of moderation. Too much of something is poisonous. The trainee should consider having rest breaks that are going to allow the boy to adopt (Holding, 2013). When we have individuals who are overtraining, it can easily lead to an injury. When you are trying to coordinate a physical training program, it is critical to make certain that you are working out all the areas of the body equally so that the body can be able to achieve a balanced level of fitness. It is critical that individuals try to gradually raise both the duration and the intensity of the physical training routine. For individuals going to participate in a triathlon, safe levels of progression are important. According to (Prentice et al., 2013) an individual can achieve a safe level of progression by increasing the cardio-respiratory as well as a muscular ability by approximately 10% every ten days.
Prentice, W., & Arnheim, D. (2013). Principles of athletic training: A competency-based approach. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.
Holding, D. H. (2013). Principles of training: the Commonwealth and international library:psychology division. Elsevier.
Kawamori, N., & Haff, G. G. (2004). The optimal training load for the development of muscular power. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(3), 675-684.