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the techniques and methods applied by Egyptians in the construction of pyramids

Numerous hypotheses have been drawn regarding the techniques and methods applied by Egyptians in the construction of pyramids. Apparently, it appears that these plans developed over time notably because of the distinctions between the monuments built at later ages and those constructed earlier. However, these building hypotheses share a similar idea, as the architects had huge stones carved from the stone quarries using copper chisels. The blocks would then be dragged and lifted into the required position. The significant disagreements, which have even sparked heated debates, are chiefly on the methods used to move and place stones.

This debate is centered on two main theories. The first is the ramp theory which argues that a workforce of tens of thousands of laborers was used. They pulled stones using sleds and ropes and used wet sand to reduce friction. Then, the erection of a series of ramps followed which were used to lift the stones to the level they were required (Kaplan). The second theory is the Water Shaft Theory. In this approach, stones were transported using canals that were constructed up to the construction site and around the pyramid perimeter. Four pipes with a series of gates were used to float the blocks upwards to where they were needed. However, the two theories disagree on the making of bricks. Both techniques have their method, but the WST theory is more elaborate than the ramp theory. It explains that workers used copper saws or chisels to cut limestone. To accomplish this, they used a couple of ways of creating precise cuts and angles (Matthews).

In my opinion, the Water Shaft Theory is more appealing. This is because it elaborates on the constructional genius behind Egyptian pyramids. They used various methods as indicated by the theory in simplifying their work. This also hastened the process. Additionally, this approach is more sensible as it gives detailed accounts of how stones were carved out and how they were transported. It is informed, and no details are omitted.

Work Cited

Kaplan, Leslie C. Technology Of Ancient Egypt. New York, NY: PowerKids Press, 2004. Print.

Matthews, Sheelagh. Pyramids Of Giza. New York, NY: AV² by Weigl, 2012. Print.



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