Blake’s “The Song of Innocence and Experience” is based on the theme of the innocent pastoral world of childhood against the adult world of repression and corruption. In this poem, Blake stands outside innocence and experience and pits himself against the restrictive morality, despotic authority, sexual repression, and institutionalized religion. The Songs of Innocence and Experience dramatizes the naïve fears and hopes that trace the children’s transformation from childhood to adulthood. Blake’s work has beautifully made a contrast with the ways in which the adulthood’s harsh experiences destroy the good in the innocence of childhood. He has explained in his rhythmic song that how the ignorance of the child for the dark night or the social evil is his innocence and when he begins to realize the things and the evils, happening in the surrounding, his innocence vanishes.
Blake’s work is perhaps of a radically different nature. However, the Romanticism has influenced his work and thus he explained the beautify of childhood with the help of different rhythmic words. By highlighting the cheerful, joy, and smile of the childhood, Blake has somewhere connected the childhood with the innocence in a most romantic way and finally, he has then shown the harsh experience of the adulthood which has killed the innocence of the childhood. This shows that Blake wants to convey that how the life changes when the child moves to the adulthood and how the dark evils in terms of social evils affect his innocence. He has somehow used this song as the dual message. At one end, he has conveyed the message to the children that how their innocence can be affected and how can they protect them. On the other hand, he has conveyed the message to adults that how the dark night can leave a negative impact on their innocence so they need to protect themselves from evils of life.
Blake’s poem, Songs of Innocence and Experience, is his great work which is of different literary values. Most of the poets are more concerned of Romanticism in their poetry but Blake’s work is quite different. Blake’s work includes questions about different aspects, such as the primacy of nature, city and the country, quality of enlightenment achievement, the centrality of the child, industrial revolution, and so on. In fact, concerning with the poem Songs of Innocence and Experience is also divided into two clear ambits, one part consist of 19-poem collections based on Innocence and the second part is consist of his work about the Experience. Both parts of this poem are interconnected. He picked up different elements from the Innocence part and then those elements were replied in the Experience part of the poem.
Moreover, the first part of the poem, Innocence, was published before the French Revolution, whereas, the part, Experience, was published after the Terror Reign. Blake started his poem with the soft theme and then was rapidly converted into violence, which reflects his shift to the pessimism from optimism. The poems, “The Tyger” and “The Lamb” are his works which represent his shift from innocence to ambiguous. Bake was basically living in an era when the British industrial revolution was at the peak and the children were used as a workforce. He was against of this action and thus he followed the ideals of the French revolution in his poem. He basically wanted the people of his country to follow the same French revolutionary ideals and to stand against those who are destroying the innocence of children for their personal benefits.
Mary Wollstonecraft had done a great job for the women’s rights, and thus she can be considered as the mother of feminism. She was a groundbreaking novelist, philosopher, social critics, advocate of Rights of Women, and travel writer in Britain. She stood for the Rights of Women and argued that both, men and women, have the same access to education opportunities. She also participated in different debates to speak for the rights of women. She was the lady who, also, was a participant of French Revolution and various education reforms.
In the 18th century, when men were treated with more love than the women, Mary Wollstonecraft was the first one to write for the rights and equality of women. This can also be seen in her writing because her insistence on the men and women’s equality was the most persistent and controversial topic of her writing. It won’t be wrong to consider her the rock star of the 18th century who wished to see women active and educated but she was not against the men rather she just wanted to make women strong and educated and equal to men.
Day 4 Quiz:
Samuel Taylor Coleridge was a great poet as well as a philosopher. He believed that strong imagination plays a vital role to transcend unpleasant circumstances. In his poems, he had also used the power of imagination, by which the speaker forgets about his surroundings and imagines about the new fabricated experience. The example of Coleridge’s such imaginative work is “This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison.” In this poem, he discusses a poetic mind which represents an imaginative journey which cannot be physically possible. By this poem, he showed that no matter what the circumstances are but the imagination is the great strength of the. In the poem, This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison, the prisoner imagines the journey in which he enjoys the tree, shadows, and leaves and by imagination, he completely forgets about his prison.
According to the Coleridge, imagination is the strength of the poems, but imagination and fancy are two different things. Fancy is not creative rather imagination is creative in which the person imagines different things and then comes back to the reality. Coleridge was fascinated by his works, and thus his work was different from the fancy which was described by him as shaping power. He also invented the influential notion of “willing suspension of disbelief” which is related to the Romantics fascination with children because somewhere the children do not understand the realities and thus they love to remain in their imagination. This is the main theme which has been presented in Coleridge poems in which he showed how the children are imaginative rather the adults are realistic.
In my point of view, Coleridge definition of a great poet is correct because without imagination one cannot use the great words of feelings.
William Wordsworth was the great and famous poet of the English Romantic Revolution. His work was based on threefold. Firstly, he formulated a new attitude towards nature in his literature. He used to introduce the nature of his poetic verses in an amazing way that the connection between the human mind and nature, in his poetry, was appreciable. Secondly, he probed deeply into the sensibility, and the evidence of his fine work is his poem, The Prelude, which was an autobiographical poem. Thirdly, he created the greatest English poetry by placing human experience at the center. Thus he has done an incredible job in British literature and stood next to William Shakespeare. William’s work was based on the memory, about describing the nature, the human mind, and sensibility, but his work was entirely different from the work of Coleridge who used imagination as the tool of his poetry. His most of the poems were imaginative and were far away from the reality. However, both had done a great job in British Literature.
William Wordsworth not only did his best in the British literature but also he worked with his fellows, named Lord Byron, Robert Southey, and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. They all worked together because they all lived in a Lake District of Cumbria in the 19th century. The Lake Poets used the similar theme in their poetry, especially towards children, and to the Romanticism, they all had the same approach of radical political convictions and love of liberty. After the French Revolution, their love of liberty was converted into the nationalism because they realized that the Church’s guiding forces and constitutional monarchy of England are the only guarantors of freedom.
William Wordsworth was so simple in his poetic accent, and thus he used to imply that any reader who can have exposure to nature can understand the world’s secrets. He used to use very simply and sonnet form in his poetry to express his ideas, such as; “ I wandered lonely as a Cloud.” Simply Lake Poets were amazing in their ways.
William’s most of the work was based on the memory, and he was considered as the writer with a simple accent. His most of the work was about the nature and his childhood memories of trees, leaves, and other stuff. However, when we go deep into his work and biography, then it becomes clear that his most of the work is based on his memories with his sister, Dorothy William. Especially, in his work, “Tintern Abbey,” he used several phrases by which it becomes clear that Dorothy, his sister, was the main part of his memories. Dorothy was an excellent social worker, and thus she had posted several entries, and when we compare Dorothy’s work with William’s work, then it becomes clear that William reflected the work of Dorothy in his poems. As his lines, “I wandered lonely as a cloud,” is a clear indication of Dorothy’s lines that she saw daffodils near the river bed.
Then the William got married to Mary Hutchinson and then had a complete life. According to Mary, William Wordsworth and Dorothy, both, had writing work in the same direction. Both were working in a similar direction, and thus Dorothy was entirely complicated personality. According to Mary, Dorothy was a woman who was an all-rounder, and she was the one who had helped her brother by all means.
Blake’s work is of different literary values. Concerning with the poem Songs of Innocence and Experience, in which he has picked up different elements from the Innocence part and then those elements were replied in the Experience part of the poem. Especially, Blake’s poem, “The Lamb” is his work which represents his shift from innocence to ambiguous. Bake was living in an era when the British industrial revolution was at the peak, and the children were used as a workforce. He was against of this action, and thus he followed the ideals of the French Revolution in his poem. He wanted the people of his country to follow the same French Revolution ideals and to stand against those who are destroying the innocence of children for their benefits. Thus in his work, there was a political message hidden for the public to save innocent labor and to give back the innocence to the children.
Not only Blake but also Lamb has done his work in the best way to motivate people for the sake of protecting children’s innocence. He also, in his poems, showed that children cannot carry the burden of earning and working like elders. The children are smaller and innocent than we think. The people have considered them animals and have been using them as labor which is quite unethical. So Lamb and Blake both were concerned about the innocence of the children and wanted to convey a political message to the public to save children and not to use them as labor.
Shelley was not just a poet, but he was a revolutionist who wanted to see everyone free from power. He discussed in his poetry, both the power of seen and unseen nature. In his poetry work, there exist many stanzas which highlight his concern to power, such as;
“Power, like a desolating pestilence,
Pollutes Whatever it touches.”
According to him, power is polluting the environment and increasing sins and evils, so no person has right to act like a king, or as a powerful man rather everyone has right to live his life with his wishes and style.
When reading “Prometheus Unbound,” Shelley unbounded the humanity and King, the God. In this work, he considered himself asking who has all the powers, from God, and stated;
“King of Kings Ozymandias am I.”
This line makes it clear that the Shelley has represented himself as power. This reading is actually about the philosophy of life in which the Shelly has considered himself as power and discussed that his works and power is perfect just like the Almighty God. Simply in his work, he wanted to convey to his reader that power does not make a man powerful rather it is an initiative of the evil.
10 questions total (5 MCQs and 5 short questions)
Wrote 600 words.
Mary Shelly was the famous writer who had faced so many tragedies in her life. Especially she spent her life without her biological mother and thus she could understand the importance of creature for the creation. Her lifetime experiences reflection could also be seen in her writing. Her writing, Frankenstein, is so much popular just because of her concept of creation and creature. In this poem, Shelly has discussed a mad scientist who invented a ghost-like creation. The creation felt lonely because it was different than the humans thus it demanded to the scientist to create another creation like it. The scientist understood that creation does evils, and if the creation has a partner then reproduction may happen and this will become a threat to the society. In short, the theme is about science fiction in which the end reveals that creation is nothing with creator and that is why after the death of a scientist, creation disappeared because it considered that with creator it cannot survive.
The main hero of this book, Frankenstein, is the scientist Victor because he is the one who invented a ghost creation then he controlled the creation of being evil for the society. Also, he is the hero of the book because with the death of Victor the creation disappeared and the story ended.
Mary Wollstonecraft, the mother of Mary Shelley, was a strong woman and a famous writer in the nineteenth century. She believed to show the females as dominant role in the society. However, she died exactly after few days of Mary’s birth so she could not transfer her thinking to Mary and this is what can be observed easily from her writing. Mary spent her life with her biological mother, and that is why she was unable to understand the importance of the female role in her life and thus in her novel, Frankenstein, she did not discuss the role of feminism in a highlighted way. Many females roles, such as Elizabeth Mrs. Saville, Justine, and Sadie, were discussed in the novel but no character had played a prominent character. All the feminism roles were the passive characters, and the primary roles were Victor and his creation. Thus, Mary did not believe to discuss woman as a dominant character, in her writing.
In the novel, Victor refused to create female monster just because he was aware of the evil actions of the monster and he knew that if he creates any female monster then the creations will reproduce and this will be a great harm to humanity.
When reading the novel, Frankenstein, it is difficult to give the title of Hero to any character of the novel. Victor and his Creation were the two main characters of the novel. Now the creation cannot be titled as Hero because it was an evil and threat to the humanity. A hero is the one who may be called an ideal personality, who guides something, who does something which a normal person cannot do. In this way, we can call Victor as Hero. No doubt he had been a selfish and isolated people who had no concern for the people around him, but the end of the novel has shown him as a hero.
Victor was the one who created a monster, which was his different invention. Later when monster demanded the female creation and started harming people, then Victor understood that it is essential to stop the monster. Victor could create a female monster and could ruin the humanity, but rather he took a step and thought that he would not do anything which is harmful to human being. Somewhere he knew that if he creates a female monster and both creations will reproduce new monsters which will create evil in the society. Thus he went against the monster and finally died. Moreover, with his death, the creation disappeared which shows that creation was basically because of Victor thus he was the actual Hero of the Novel.