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The Double Standard Of Justice: Women’s Rights Under The Constitution

The author[1] advocates women’s empowerment since she believes that deteriorating marriages and equality movements were the results of gender inequalities in accessing opportunities, prestige, and resources. She has argued that women lack the same rights as men. In support of such arguments, she has used as evidence of lack of access to financial loans, women’s disenfranchisement, property privileges and unjustifiable penalties. Furthermore, she finds courts biased against women’s rights as she highlights cosmetic changes in response to the movements of feminism. To endorse her point further, she quoted statements, resolutions, and bills passed by Congress to address these issues, but they still remained unresolved.

Contrary to the above, another author[2] considers movements and endorsements towards oppression, inequality, and suppression as myths, fabrication and exaggeration. The author, contrary to Faith Seidenberg, labels men as being the ones oppressed since they are “exploited by monopolists” and reminds feminists about the support of male citizens in the liberation struggle of women. She argues further that, although women might be deprived of voting rights as men, she considers it legitimate as, in her opinion, men are usually the ones working in fields and looking out for their families. She believes that upper-class women enjoy almost the same privileges as men and sees women’s rights movements as a struggle to save elite women’s capitalist interests.

Mary’s argument is more convincing than Reed’s. The studies by globally recognized organizations, such as the United Nations, reveal that women, until the mid-twentieth century, of all social classes and financial statuses have been deprived of their fundamental rights to vote despite working as much as men as properties that they owned before marriage. Women might have succeeded in attaining almost the same privileges as men later, but it was not the case until the third quarter of the twentieth century.


Mary Eastwood, “The Double Standard of Justice: Women’s Rights Under the Constitution,” Val. UL Rev. 5 (1970): 281.

Evelyn Reed, “Women: Caste, Class, or Oppressed Sex,” International Socialist Review 31, no. 3 (1970): 15–17.



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