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The Berlin Wall Essay


The Berlin Wall constructed in 1961 due to Cold War between USA and USSR which separated West and East Berlin. Its building signified the difference among the eastern communists and the western democrats. However, the fall of the Berlin Wall marked a major turning incident in diplomatic powers because it demonstrated the capitalists’ supremacy and downfall of many communist nations.

The construction of Wall hampered the traveling of East Germans to West Germany. The immediate social effect was the division of many families and unemployment of East Germans who used to travel the other side for work. West Berlin tuned into an isolated enclave located in a hostile region therefore West Berliners retaliated against this Wall and it was pretty obvious that Wall was not an everlasting landmark of the European area.

East Germany was established with the excess of the socialists and the most affected area was Berlin. It was stated that the Berlin Wall was the reason to stop the immigration from the east to the west but in actual it was a cause to stop the trade between the two dimensions. However, it was impossible to separate the eastern and western Germany so the only solution was the Berlin Wall’s fall.

The cold war commenced to fade all around the Eastern wing of Europe. On 9th November 1989, East Berlin Communist Party’s spokesman announced a variation in his approach to deal with the West. He allowed the citizens of German Democratic Republic (East Germany) to travel freely across the country’s boundaries. The West and East Berliners assembled at the Wall and celebrated by drinking champagne and beer while screaming “Tor auf!” (“Open the gate!”). Millions of East Berliners took part in the celebrations occurred in West Berlin. Many people were successful in climbing up the wall by using the Brandeburg Gate and started to chisel away at the wall. Initially the authorities of German Democratic Republic responded to it by hitting the people by using water cannons but it came out to be absolutely ineffective. The army of East Germany climbed up the wall later in order to prevent the remaining individuals to stand on the wall. People hit the wall with hammers and picked to knock away the wall’s chunks while bulldozers and cranes pulled the Wall down section by section. The government started to demolish the Berlin Wall on the very next day of this event. SED was a ruling party in German Democratic Republic which was destroyed due to the fall of Berlin Wall. The fall of the Berlin Wall was the first critical initiative towards reunification of Germans which concluded formally with the East Germany’s dissolution. However the official reunification of West and East Germany was made after one year of demolishing the wall of Berlin on October 3rd 1990.


The creation of the Berlin Wall represented the cold war among two schools of thought while its fall symbolized war’s end. The fall of the wall was a consequent of severe opposition from East Berliners which was rising ever next day. Moreover, it represented the triumph of democracy over socialism.




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