Tejano music is a type of music produced from different kind of folk and popular music. Basically Tejano music originated in the Mexican American or the Mexicans that immigrated to America. Initially Tejano music was born in taxes that’s why also named as tex-mex music. The audience of this particular music became wider and wider after some famous musician for instance selena also known as “queen of Tejano”. Tejano music has influence of both Mexican and American countries but main influence is Latin American countries.
Different styles are involved In the generation and creation of Tejano music for example polka, pop, rock, Mexican cumbia and corrido (Trainor). Basic instruments used were flute, guitar and drum. These people used to sang the old songs passing generation after generation in Mexico. As they traveled music also travelers to America taking its present shape. Conjunto music is a major type of Tejano music (Harnish). Conjunto as their new music styles became the famous music among the working people.
Tejano using keyboard, drum and bajo sexton has now became an eternal attraction for the audience. Some roots of old European styles are also retained in Tejano music. Recently Tejano is more influenced by Mexican music and resulting music sounds more like norteno. Accordion was the most important instrument in Tejano music but now it’s the basic need of Tejano music. Now a days Tejano has lost its place because any kind of music is dependent on good singers and promoters. After the retirement of great performers Tejano has lost its attention (Card).
Salsa is also American based music. This is basically dance music originated in New York City. Salsa was introduced after Tejano music. Salsa is the mixture of different music genres including Cuban son montuno, guaracha, cha cha mambo and many others. Latin jazz is also a part of salsa. Salsa is primarily line of Cuban and guitar on other side American music styles like jazz also influences salsa. Some elements if rock and funk are also incorporated in salsa. Starting from Colombia the music eventually spread throughout America. Now salsa is known globally. The term salsa has face many controversies, according to some musician there is nothing new or different about salsa as this is the same Cuban music plays in Cuba for more than fifty years. The term salsa means sauce but after many controversies it was given a proper meaning (Lovenscheimer).
Most of the American people like lively rhythms. Felix Chappotin and Arsenio Rodríguez used to be most popular performers of salsa music. Initially salsa was also closed to mambo. Many singers and band who were attracted towards Hollywood were singing salsa. Salsa was considered as a modern music genre. Lyrics are important element in salsa they range from romantic to simple dance songs and even in some cases the political subject is also touched in salsa (Forman). Salsa is typically based on two or three instruments named, son conjunto, string charanga and percussion. The old-style conjunto contains congas, bongos, bass, piano, a horn section, and the smaller hand-held percussion instruments. Mostly claves, guiro, or maracas are played by the singers.
Music structure of salsa is not very complicated. Most of the salsa composition are comprised of basic son montuno model. Montuno is added to increase the excitement. There are many similarities in salsa and Tejano music. Both are traditional music influenced by a number of different kind of music. As tejano salsa is also culture oriented music. But there are also some differences salsa is a kind of modern and good mood music in comparison Tejano is depressed mood music. Tejano is subject based music and salsa is dancing music (Perrone).
Card, Stuart K. “Visualizing Retrieved Information: A Survey.” IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications 16.2 (1996): 63–67. Web.
Forman, Murray. “The Hood Comes First”: Race, Space and Place in Rap Music and Hip Hop, 1978-1996. N.p., 1997. Web.
Harnish, David. “Tejano Music in the Urbanizing Midwest: The Musical Story of Conjunto Master Jesse Ponce.” Journal of the Society for American Music 3.2 (2009): 195–219. Web.
Lovenscheimer, Jim. “West Side Story: Cultural Perspectives on an American Musical.” Journal of the American Musicological Society 65.1 (2012): 285–291. Web.
Perrone, Charles A. “Popular Musics of the Non-Western World: An Introductory Survey.” Popular Music 1991: 98–102. Web.
Trainor, Laurel. “Science & Music: The Neural Roots of Music.” Nature 2008: 598–599. Web.