Tejano Music Essay
Tejano music is a type of music produced from different kinds of folk and popular music. Basically, Tejano music originated in the Mexican Americans or the Mexicans that immigrated to America. Initially, Tejano music was born in taxes that’s why also named as tex-mix music. The audience of this particular music became wider and wider after some famous musicians for instance Selena also known as the “queen of Tejano”. Tejano music has influenced both Mexican and American countries but the main influence is Latin American countries.
Different styles are involved In the generation and creation of Tejano music for example polka, pop, rock, Mexican cumbia, and corrido (Trainor). The basic instruments used were the flute, guitar, and drum. These people used to sing the old songs passing generation after generation in Mexico. As they traveled music also traveled to America taking its present shape. Conjunto music is a major type of Tejano music (Harnish). Conjunto as their new music style became famous music among the working people.
Tejano using a keyboard, drum, and bajo sexton have now become an eternal attraction for the audience. Some roots of old European styles are also retained in Tejano music. Recently Tejano is more influenced by Mexican music and the resulting music sounds more like norteno. The accordion was the most important instrument in Tejano music but now it’s the basic need of Tejano music. Nowadays Tejano has lost its place because any kind of music is dependent on good singers and promoters. After the retirement of great performers, Tejano lost its attention (Card).
Salsa is also American-based music. This is basically dance music that originated in New York City. Salsa was introduced after Tejano music. Salsa is a mixture of different music genres including Cuban son montuno, guaracha, cha cha mambo, and many others. Latin jazz is also a part of salsa. Salsa is primarily a line of Cuban and guitar on the other side American music styles like jazz also influence salsa. Some elements if rock and funk are also incorporated in salsa. Starting in Colombia the music eventually spread throughout America. Now salsa is known globally. The term salsa has faced many controversies, according to some musicians, there is nothing new or different about salsa as this is the same Cuban music played in Cuba for more than fifty years. The term salsa means sauce but after many controversies, it was given a proper meaning (Lovenscheimer).
Most American people like lively rhythms. Felix Chappotin and Arsenio Rodríguez used to be the most popular performers of salsa music. Initially, salsa was also closed to mambo. Many singers and bands who were attracted to Hollywood were singing salsa. Salsa was considered a modern music genre. Lyrics are an important element in salsa they range from romantic to simple dance songs and even in some cases, the political subject is also touched on in salsa (Forman). Salsa is typically based on two or three instruments named, son conjunto, string charanga, and percussion. The old-style conjunto contains congas, bongos, bass, piano, a horn section, and smaller hand-held percussion instruments. Mostly claves, guiro, or maracas are played by the singers.
The music structure of salsa is not very complicated. Most of the salsa compositions are comprised of the basic son montuno model. Montuno is added to increase the excitement. There are many similarities between salsa and Tejano music. Both are traditional music influenced by a number of a different kinds of music. As Tejano salsa is also culture-oriented music. But there are also some differences salsa is a kind of modern and good mood music in comparison Tejano is depressed mood music. Tejano is subject-based music and salsa is dancing music (Perrone).
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