White supremacy known as a racist ideology based upon on the superiority of one race from another race. This belief came into white people who think of them superior to other people who are not white and therefore the dominance goes to white people over others. There are several of other movements which are based on the similar ideas including the Nazism who oppose the members of Jews and Neo-Nazism opposes both other races and Jews. In the United States, this term is particularly used in the political ideology which preaches the dominance of white people in all the social, political, institutional and historical matters. There are examples in the history which can help in understanding the mindset of the believers of white supremacy by the trends of slavery in the United States and discrimination towards the African-American people which is present till today. The theory of white supremacy also refers to the structural advantage of white people over other races in every manner whether collective or individual(Kantrowitz, 5).
Even after the civil war which devised the whole America, the white supremacy existed till the period of reconstruction era. The places which are from the south sides where the slavery was on the peak have the common mindset of perceiving whites are superior to black people, and they denied the freedom after the civil war which in resulted brought the class between north and south side. The period of 1900 to 1920 the racial discrimination comes into its legal form. The fear of racial suicide convinces the President Theodore Roosevelt to start the movement in which he insisted good citizen types who were white according to him should increase the reproduction of their race in order to gain the majority from the wrong type citizen who were not white (Woodson, 11). For the better understanding of this racism and to consider the white as superior goes back to the time of early decades when there were not many people to work and cultivate. British in an attempt to fill the labor gap brought the blacks to America so they could do that hard labor. The force those slaves to work double and successfully enslaved their minds which gave birth to the belief of white supremacy. The white people set the standards for the black slaves, and those standards are that slaves can be bought for their whole lives. These descriptions show that the supremacy beliefs of whites (Hovenkamp, 2).
The discrimination was not just limited to black people but every other race other than white people. The mindset has widely existed in all the people from different countries, and those include Germany and United Kingdom. Germany by the Nazism and Great Britain was famous for colonialism other nations who were usually not white class. This denial in the rights of social and political existed till the mid-20th century in the United States of America, but after the civil right movement and its success, the law started to protect those races who were not white. But the laws in the US still continue in discriminating on the basis of white supremacy such laws were immigrant laws before 1965 and the nationality act 1965. The immigrant and nationality act 1965 was aimed to open the borders, but they only were in the favor of white people from other nations rather to all the ethnic groups. Apart from these national and international laws, US even banned the interracial marriages in order to protect the white race, but after the Loving v. Virginia case, the United States invalidated this law (Dubow, 6). The white supremacy didn’t even leave the Native Americans safe from such discrimination, and white people spread the violence against them so that natives could not claim the lands and rights (Pulido, 10).
White people also used the science to enforce the superiority by claiming that the origin of their race is higher than the others. Few of the researchers who claimed that whites and blacks are different species which was widely used to continue the discrimination. Apart from American researchers, the racist mindset also existed in the Swiss land where Louis Agassiz claimed that white people are the reason of the national prosperity but if the number of black people increases the nation will collapse. He used the difference in the physical attributes to prove that blacks are lower species and don’t deserve the status of whites people. Racist and believers of white supremacy used many other theories to claim that they are superior to others including the Social Darwinism in which they presented the idea that white people are superior and giving anything to help the black is unethical (Treitler, 8).
The white supremacy was once quite the issues among many countries, but after the movement of civil right it was no longer the bigger issues, and different nations started to recognize the rights of every race, but recently the mindset is coming with the same manner. The news which shows that different incidents of violence are taking place against the races who are not white. In 2005, Dylann Roof shot on the basis of thinking himself superior to other races, especially from black. Even after the laws and movements the belief of white people to think themselves higher than the others affecting the people globally. The diversity which should be promoted and co-existence which is the need of current time should be the belief of people is lacking. The recent elections in the United States of America were the proof that the challenge of this supremacy of white belief exited and it needs to be eliminated to avoid violence.
Dubow, Saul. “Racial irredentism, ethnogenesis, and white supremacy in high-apartheid South Africa.” Kronos 41.1 (2015): 236-264.
Hovenkamp, Herbert J. “The Progressives: Economics, Science, and Race.” (2015).
Kantrowitz, Stephen. Ben Tillman and the reconstruction of white supremacy. UNC Press Books, 2015.
Pulido, Laura. “Geographies of race and ethnicity 1: White supremacy vs white privilege in environmental racism research.” Progress in Human Geography 39.6 (2015): 809-817.
Treitler, Vilna Bashi. “Social agency and white supremacy in immigration studies.” Sociology of race and ethnicity 1.1 (2015): 153-165.
Woodson, Ashley N. ““There Ain’t No White People Here” Master Narratives of the Civil Rights Movement in the Stories of Urban Youth.” Urban Education 52.3 (2017): 316-342.