Developing vaccine to fight HIV infection has become quite difficult even though scientific studies show that vaccines such as the anti-inflammatory stimuli can help protect one from HIV infection. HIV usually multiplies in activated T-cells and developing a vaccine that reduces their immune activation in the T-cells can help stop the replication of HIV. HIV type 1 which is common among women can be curbed by developing vaccine which targets the mucosal immune responses in the female genital tract.
Prognosis of HIV
HIV if not treated leads to AIDS within a period of 10 years and death usually occurs when AIDS starts to manifest in a person. If properly treated a person with HIV infection at age 20 can live up to 70 years of age. Life expectancy of a HIV person can be prolonged when the infection is diagnosed early and the patient is put on medication. Many factors affect the life expectancy of a HIV patient such as drug abuse, viral load and other health conditions to mention a few. Use of antiretroviral therapy among HIV patients has proven quite useful in prolonging the life expectancy. Treatment such as the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis has aided in the prevention of HIV transmission especially among sexual partners.