Both adult and juveniles may get charged with crimes, and all are made aware of the legal procedures and charges there are some differences between the juvenile court and the adult court. In the minor systems, a case is dealt with using the approach than a trial. The juvenile offender faces a hearing before judgment gets delivered. In the small order, the primary and viable goals are the process of rehabilitation while in adult criminal justice system an assumption that a criminal section should be in proportion to the offense. When an adult committed a crime and arrested they are charged with felony hence a bond is given to them which ensures their presence in the court during the case mentioning or proceedings. A juvenile, on the other hand, do not have a right to bond but they remain in custody all through the case proceedings. Juvenile cases do not have a jury, but instead they have a bind over (Salekin, 2015).
Rehabilitation is the act of restoring something or someone to the original state. Criminals should undergo some rehabilitation processes and not just to be punished but trying to regain their originality. During the rehabilitation process, a proper environment is in requirement since it is a way of changing for the better life. The juvenile crime assumed the growth from childhood to adulthood, and there the children committed the crime without their knowledge (Gardner, 2017). Therefore, they are believed to be in need of proper management and handled with a lot of care they are criminal behavior and formative stage hence be dealt with necessary attention to get continuation into adulthood. Some adolescence seems to have matured earlier in today’s world due to technological exposure compared to early days. It is stated that a person is an adult at the age of 18, but there are other who goes up to 25 years to act mature. Rehabilitation is the cure program for inmates both adults and juveniles should undergo some rehabilitation processes. In practice, improvement will help in reducing future crimes if implemented carefully. According to some people, prison is a very harsh environment. Therefore, it cannot bring about positive changes to the crime offenders but rather due to the interaction with other crimes( Kurlychek, 2016).
An adolescent criminal can get transferred from Juvenile court to adult court. However, this decision is so weighty for one to carry on. It is a decision made on the implications of an adolescent who involves in more tough crimes and requires symbolic justice system. State juveniles have given a permit for the most chronic and severe youthful offenders to be taken to criminal court. Additionally, it is a way of reducing crimes among the adolescent. The increase in critical crime levels among the adolescent has led to a more substantial number of transfers from juvenile to the criminal court.
The juvenile system was set up to enable the rehabilitation process of the young offenders who commit minor offenses. However, this generation is taking advantage of this outdated and most lenient system and commits severe crimes since they believe they will get out so quickly. The transfer of the juvenile to the criminal courts is a way of providing justice to the victim family as well as preventing more minors by giving them harsher punishments. Many children have lost the capabilities of handling of providing an individualized and can quickly help at-risk offenders who their life seems endangered even after serving juvenile sentences. It is the responsibility of the court to hold the criminals accountable. However, a juvenile has so far been a distant cry for justice for the families’ victims (Lee, 2016).Therefore, this has led to many juveniles being to criminal court as a way of honoring the victims’ memory of punishing the proprietor. Therefore as a way of holding the minor offenders responsible and fully culpable for their acts and behaviors the system must get more stringent. It is a way of reducing many other crimes carried out by minors in the future.
For over the years the correctional population in the US has gradually increased. This community was as the enhanced series of sentencing and implementation of policy changes that retched up the criminal justice sanctions. These figures were as the result of the incarceration nature accompanied by the dramatic changes in sentencing and crime policies in general. The decline of the rehabilitative ideal that the house ought to serve as the reformation of the inmates whereby they are prepared and rehabilitated to fit back into the society after their jail term has ended (Marrett, 2017).
It is essential to do what is right for the vulnerable youth in the society since the society, and when the kid is served well, the community gets served to its best. Increased juvenile incarceration is a waste of funds as well as it does not force the responsible officials to push harder for other best alternatives for detention.
The founders of juvenile courts were focusing on the rehabilitation process, and the reformers were aware that the existing form of jailing that was outdated and they needed an overhaul. The purpose of the juvenile is to change the judges’ titles to be teachers as well as counselors in the children perspectives rather than seen as jurists. The relationship between the judges and the minor offenders transpire the teens and youth in the community into a responsible citizen and productive ones (Marrett, 2017).
The use of rehabilitative approach helping to keep a tight rein on kids until the laying problems get solved. In conclusion, rehabilitation process is a clear way of saving money; it is financially capable. The cash used in incarceration if applied to rehabilitation and treatment it can protect more teens from ever harming ever again.
Kurlychek, M. C. (2016). The effectiveness of junior transfer to adult court. Criminology & Public Policy, 15(3), 897-900.
Salekin, R. T. (2015). Forensic evaluation and treatment of juveniles: Innovation and best practice. Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
Marrett, S. (2017). Beyond Rehabilitation: Constitutional Violations Associated with the Isolation and Discrimination of Transgender Youth in the Juvenile Justice System. BCL Rev., 58, 351.
Lee, S. J., & Kraus, L. J. (2016). Transfer of juvenile cases to criminal court. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics, 25(1), 41-47.
Gardner, M. R. (2017). Indeterminate Sanctions, Juvenile Court. The Encyclopedia of Juvenile Delinquency and Justice.