Race and ethnicity is closely related to biology while ethnicity is related to culture. In the biological point of view, races are genetically differentiated with the same species. The difference is only a number of morphological and genetic variations. Even though all humans are of the same species, there is a number of genetic variations that present different physical appearance, such as a difference in skin colour. Ethnicity on the other is a term used to define the culture of the people in a certain geographic region. This includes language, heritage and their customs.
In most cases, race and ethnicity often overlap, but they are two different concepts. For instance a Japanese- American would view themselves as members of the Japanese race. However, is she doesn’t engage in any of their practices, she does not identify with the ethnic background and considers themselves American?
If race and ethnicity were basically cultural phenomena, with little connections to stratification and political attachment, there would be long-term results to increase racial and ethnic entropy. As patterns recede over time, there has been the significant increase in economic mobility, integration and intermarriages. There has long been minimal integration among the races. Should ethnic and racial identities lose their political and economic importance, the ancestral roots will probably become flexible and situational.
Prejudice can be described as unjustified attitude towards another person due to their membership in a certain social group. The negative treatment of an individual or a group of people belonging to a certain class is known as discrimination. While prejudice is a negative attitude towards a person or a certain group.
It is hard to argue that things have already become better for women candidates. However, I believe that America will once elect a woman president in the future. However, people are ready to begin a new shift. You’d expect women to outnumber men in the future. People might have a different perception about female representation. For instance, people in Australia might feel that a female president is weak. However, the country might a have weak healthcare systems but in actual facts, the country as a whole is strong and advanced in developing new drugs. This implies that have a female president does not appear to change the perception of the country from other countries.
Both New Zealand and Australia have had female prime ministers. In the 1980s England had a female prime minister while Germany still has a female head of state. Moreover, Both Israel and India in the 1970s were run by female readers and there was no significant change in how the countries were viewed.
In the past 20 years, the United States has dropped from 52nd globally for women representation to 104th today. Moreover, women currently make up more than a half of the US population. However, they are represented by a congress full of men. However, there are deliberate steps by political parties to increase the number of women in elective offices. This has been effective since it is helping to gradually overcome the hurdle women representation in the United States. The new system is known as the “entrepreneurial system” of choosing candidates through primaries and self-nominations.