Q.1: What is racial profiling? Provide examples of how law enforcement, government officials and/or ordinary citizens used racial profiling label and harm others (See the Michael Brown case)?
Answer: By the meaning of racial profiling, the targeted persons who are for the suspicion of crime are deal in the law enforcement by the based on their race, religion, ethnicity, or nation origins. And the criminal profile work usually associated with police department. And they are confident on the group characteristic which one is associated with crime. For instance, If someone violate the traffic rule, police are judged the fault by the identifying the physical appearance of the violated person either he is black or brown. And even they use of race to identifying the pedestrians which one can do contrabands.
Many of other examples of law enforcement are existed in U.S, like the targeting of Hispanic Latin American to investigating for the illegal immigration. And the people of Middle Eastern and South Asians which are present in the country in screening to ties with the Islamic terrorism. All the suspicion is classically based on the racist. It is to be said that crimes are set according to the ethnicity or race.
Q.2: Discuss various ethnocentric practices historically used by those in power that have contributed to prejudicial attitudes towards racial and minority groups.
Answer: Ethnocentric term are defined as those individuals which assumed that he is the best rather than other peoples, in other word is could be said that they are self-centered peoples. They thought about their group have own culture and power. This is shown as biased behavior, and it’s creating many of problems for both race and prejudice. This discrimination had been happen in the human history like in the World War 2. Because of ethnicity the have been tortured and mistreated the Jews at that time many of years. Even that they were exterminated at the camp of Nazi party. One more example of segregation of color of people they have white, brown and black color. And blacks were always treated unfair or inhumanly. Even that they had not equal right for freedom not to get same education level.
Ethnocentrism is going to be strong and weak human relations. But in the other sense we are all human and have equal rights individually no matter what a color, religion, and nation of us. There is no discrimination among the citizens of all over the world, and avoid to the prejudices which is the result of ethnocentrism, and is must to destroy the stability and prosperity of nations.
Q.3: What is the social construction of race? Provide a symbolic interactionist perspective. How can this concept (social construction of race) be applied to Americans from multiple racial backgrounds?
Answer: The term Race is referring to be the traits of hereditary which are set by the specific group or category. And it revolved around the physical appearance and the biological traits. But the ethnicity is based on the social culture and behaviors. The social scientist believed that the word race is developed by the socially constructed concept. It is the view to emerging the inequalities in the society.
By the symbolic interaction, peoples were divided into groups by their race types such as behavior and social interaction, and colors among them. In this situation, batter education were get only white peoples and earn more money than black peoples. And after the Passage of time in nineteen century “Black” peoples were to be identified as African American. Now the society has multiples of citizens or identities, some of them have been identified due to the cause of migrations. Africans were to accept the culture, customs, language of US and live there as Americans.
Q.4: Define the term model minority. Discuss which minority group is perceived as living up to that image. Discuss advantages and disadvantages of being a model minority
Answer: This model is representing the demographic group which is based on the ethnicity, race, physical characteristics and religion. And the group members are achieved a higher degree of socio economic success, and the success was measured by the income, education, low rate of crime, and marital stability in family. The concept of model of minorities is very controversial, and in the history suggested that there is no need for government to adjust the certain groups.
And they live differently to the other societies, and treat unfair. This concept can be referring as to discrimination, peoples are mostly subordinates. Majority group has more power and resources than the minorities groups; minorities groups have not rights, freedom and lack of powers. Minorities are classified by their color of skin, cultural activities, physical appearance, and language.
But in case of minority’s advantage, they can have the bright future by the batter education, adopt professional career, business and could have rich by the hard working like the Asian. Asian American had fight for their equal rights, freedom and specific social issues and social construct of racial discrimination. If they are discriminated, bias and prejudice than they must be like the broke.