In simple words, public policy is a pattern in which the government system decide which should be or should not be done in their system (Dye, 2017). The government systems can regulate policies in the societies and help the societies to maintain symbolic rewards and material services in their area. In the criminal justice system of the United States, Gun control is one among the most problematic issues, and its related policies are determined in the US Constitution. According to the Second Amendment, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a Free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. (Second Amendment. 2018)” Due to the permission granted by the United States Constitution, the people of US have the right to bear arms, and that promoted the high death rate in the country (Liptak, 2008).
The rate of murder in the US was 5.7 per 100,000 people in the year of 2006, and in 2005, more than 55 percent homicide occurred with the usage of a handgun and more 16 percent homicide occurred by using different kinds of guns (Liptak, 2008). The proponents of the policy argue that the right to bear arms should only be given to the organized and regulatory groups such as Military forces of the United States. Similarly, the opponents argue that all national citizens of the country should have the right to bear arms, for example, National Rifle Association.
One of the pros of ‘gun control policy’ includes the fact that if there were more gun control laws, this would deter or eventually decrease the rate of crimes. Studies have shown that because of increase in the gun control laws, people have developed more consciousness regarding the ownership of firearms. This not only makes people think about their ownership of weapons but also make them more safe and precautious regarding its proper use. However, if we look at the other side of the same matter, then it is also claimed that gun control laws do not decrease the rate of crimes instead the ownership of firearms eventually deters the rate of crimes. This point is justified by the fact that when more people own more guns, there will be something for protection of oneself and it will reduce the crime rate. Moreover, because the opposite person might also possess a weapon would prevent a person to initiate the use of a weapon.
The next point of the discussion focuses on the fact that media of all kinds, though considered as one of the important and most significant ways of information and knowledge, sometimes misuses its position. It has been claimed that paper media like some magazines highlight the issue of a gun or weapon abuse more than it exists. It means to say that some magazines highlight the issue of mass murder more than it exists in the society and they must be banned for the spread of this wrong information. The Second Amendment, on its side, which was ratified in 1791, though supports the ownership of guns but does not entirely support gun ownership on an individual level. The Second Amendment was approved under the supervision of its stakeholders that includes the US government, The Congress as well the US establishment.
The groups which are in favor of the fact that citizens should have the right to bear arms are the ones who are benefited from the Second Amendment. The ones who lost their lives, victims of homicide, and victims of mass murders are the ones who are not benefited from the policy.
Dye, T. (2017). Understanding public policy (15th ed.). Boston: Pearson.
Liptak, A. (2008). Gun Laws and Crime: A Complex Relationship. Nytimes.com. Retrieved 1 April 2018, from https://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/29/weekinreview/29liptak.html
Second Amendment. (2018). LII / Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 1 April 2018, from https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/second_amendment