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Population essay


The population of a country can greatly influence its environmental, economic and social aspects. Sparsely populated areas are more likely to have a higher rate of life sustainability than densely populated areas. Rapid population growth is a factor affecting many nations. Some of the factors leading to rapid population growth include illiteracy, hence improper family planning, technological advances that brought about better medical care, fertility treatment and decreased death rates (Lutz&Butz2014). Additionally, immigration influences population growth especially in developed countries. Many people move from developing to developed countries in pursuit of better medical care, employment and education, therefore, resulting in overpopulation in developed countries. Developed countries have been consequently forced to put in place measures to counter this problem.

The article “New York Has 7 Billion Reasons to Worry about a Census Question” by Liz Robbins, dated March 28th, 2018 on The New York Times, is related to population which n is a theme in this course. According to the article, the issue of immigration is likely to affect the 2020 census in the United States. The reason behind this is the inclusion of the question about citizenship in the census questionnaire. There is fear that most immigrants may not willingly participate in the activity and give genuine information. The outcome of the census is likely to be inaccurate therefore giving a wrong population. Increased population in the country has led to depletion of natural resources, environmental degradation, unemployment, national instability, conflicts and increased costs of living (Lutz&Butz2014). According to the article, the $7 billion that is provided by the federal government to cater for repairs, nutritional programs, development of new schools and programs for seniors might be affected due to the increased population.

Various measures can be put in place to counter the issue of increased population growth. For instance, countries can provide better education to improve literacy levels, creating awareness on family planning, providing sex education especially in learning institutions and implementing new government policies, for example, the one-child policy in China. Apart from these, other countries have had to come up with different measures to control population growth. For instance, the article in The New York Times by Liz Robbins, states that the Trump administration has declared that all immigrants who are undocumented to be subject to deportation. It has been noted in the article that 60% of the population in the city is made up of immigrants or their children. Deportation of immigrants, therefore, can be used as a measure to counter population growth in the country.

It is evident, from the article by Liz Robbins on The New York Times that population increase can lead to conflicts and political instability within a country. The trump administration, for instance, wants the question about citizenship to be included in the census to accurately determine the population that is eligible to vote in the next general elections. On the other hand, some Democrats and the New York Immigration coalition are against the inclusion of the question about citizenship in the census questionnaires. Population increase, therefore, is a matter that is likely to cause conflicts hence political instability.


Rapid population increase in many nations is brought about by advanced technology, reduced mortality rates and other factors including immigration mainly from developing countries to developed countries like the United States. A high population affects the economic, social and political status of a nation since the state may not have enough resources to sustain the vast population. Rapid population growth can be curbed through various ways including creating awareness, improved education and deportation of undocumented immigrants.


Lutz, W. and Butz W (2014). World Population and Human Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Oxford University Press.

Robbins, L(2018)New York Has 7 Billion Reasons to Worry About a Census Question. New York Times.



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