A person is healthy if he is living in the fresh and clean air. On the other hand, polluted air badly affects the lives of people. There are deaths reported also as a result of the air pollution (Krewski). There are different sources of air pollution. Urban areas are more responsible for their activities that are adding pollution to the healthy air (Civerolo). Urban areas consume more energy in the form of an increase in transportation and air conditioning systems. These all activities are a source of harmful effects to people health as a result of the destruction of the environment. Moreover, air pollution is the source of climate change as with the increase of the amount of ozone, different ailments are increasing in their number and intensity (Colls). With the air pollution, people are suffering from lung disease along with different heart conditions as well as stroke (Greenburg). The duration of these diseases increases as there is more and more polluted air in which they live. Or in other words, when there is less rain along with the presence of more heat than the duration of pollution increases and so is the case with health issues. Breathing in polluted air results in an increased risk of asthma along with other respiratory diseases. Also, air pollutants are typically carcinogens as result of cancer in people. Respiratory inflammation is common in people, who spend their most of time in an environment that contains ozone. This condition is same for New York and Los Angeles as a result of high levels of air pollution (Moretti, Enrico, and Neidell). This paper will discuss in detail the effects of air pollution and role of climate and environment in determining the health of New York and Los Angeles population along with a discussion of solutions to air pollution including awareness as the major remedy.
New York is famous for its high level of air pollution and in spite of major developments over the last decade; air pollution in New York City is continuously a major environmental risk. At the same time, improving any city’s air quality is not an easy task as it involves the removal of different types of air pollutants that have accumulated from millions of sources. There are different measures that are being taken at different levels in order to reduce the air pollution from New York City. For this purpose, plans can be made at the individual as well as at national level. During 1930, in the Meuse Valley of Belgium, there were 6,000 persons who got sick and nearly 60% were died (Greenburg). During 1948, there were 6,000 persons who were sick and 20 % people died (Greenburg). In these incidences, the intensity of air pollution was so forceful that it caused deaths and spread diseases among exposed population. Moreover, in 1953 in New York City, there was an enormous increase in the concentration of sulfur dioxide as compared to previous days. As a result of this abrupt increase in the sulfur quantity, people reported having eye irritation along with coughing. The quantity of sulfur can be reduced as a result of less use of motor vehicles and power plants along with the less use of heating fuel. As a result of these pollutants expelled in the air, there are numerous New Yorkers who are suffering from the incapacitating and lethal effects of air pollution.
Climate change results in an increase in temperatures along with bringing changes in precipitation and increasing sea levels (Ebi, Kristie, and McGregor). Thus, climate changes have an effect on the concentration of air pollutants in numerous ways. When there are changes in climate then changes in temperatures along with muddiness, and humidity are also seen in major cities of the world including New York and Los Angeles. Air pollution in high concentration is dangerous for people. There are millions of Americans who are living in high enough concentrations of smog. In this air pollution, there are toxic pollutants present that present serious health issues (Patrick). Toxic pollutants result into the eye, nose as well as throat irritation. There is panting along with coughing and chest tightness resulting in breathing difficulties. There is also an increased risk of heart attack as a result of exposure to a number of air pollutants for a long period of time (Patrick). All human population is equally susceptible but children, older adults and people, who are on the go to outdoors especially become the prey of any disease as a result of constant exposure to the air pollutant such as ground-level ozone.
Along with New York, another major city that daily expels many thousands of tons of contamination into the atmosphere in Los Angeles (Littman, Fred, and Magill). This has resulted in people eye-irritating and plant-damaging in that city. The possible cause of this can be smog which is both gaseous and particulate contaminants and people must not come into contact with this. Smog in Los Angeles is worst in the country as a result of different factors. These include topography as Los Angeles is surrounded by comparatively high mountains and it makes easy for smog formation in the city. Also, there are a principal on-shore breeze. This is hot land subsequently the cool ocean water that results in the on-shore breeze which is a source of the thrust of the air inland in the direction of the mountains. Another major reason of smog in LA region is present of a large population in that area. Anthropogenic emissions are huge as a result of this huge population living there.
It can be concluded that environmental quality has a straight bang on an individual’s health status. It is a large determinant of the quality of life and if there is an issue in the environment, it has a direct impact on the health of people. Air pollution must be considered as a main environmental threat to people health. If people are continuously exposed to air pollutants then this results in premature death, respiratory diseases along with cancer and different heart diseases (Ritz). Different steps can be taken to reduce the health risks and these include individual’s behavior with respect to air population along with the ability of public health and safety systems to tackle air pollution in the specified area.
Elevating the awareness of air pollution among people can be an effective strategy in overcoming the issue of air pollution in both cities as Los Angeles and New York. The awareness can be raised at both local as well as government level in order to initiate different policies and plans. There are numerous plans that are continuous in these cites but still, there is a requirement for large-scale planning and control of pollution for the sake of public health in that area. AQMD was established for controlling the air pollution and it has also created numerous regulations that can control the air pollution. Under AQMD, local governments are required to execute their own laws to address the issues of air pollution in major cities. But efforts are still needed for the purpose of controlling air pollution on a large scale as this issue is getting sever with the passage of time (Vitale). Moreover, addressing the issue of ozone pollution is debatably more demanding as for this issue to be effectively addressed there is a requirement of local as well as regional action. This also gets worse as a result of climate change. Thus, meaningful efforts are needed to address the issue and save the lives of both cities.
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