Acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) is diagnosed when the human body losses its capability of ventilating or when the body fails in its role of supplying sufficient oxygen to the blood and systematic organs. The disease arises from intrapulmonary blood shunting which results from the filling or collapsing of the airspace. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a disorder that affects the organs of the respiratory system. These include the kidney, bladder, urethra, and ureter. The paper addresses the primary diagnosis of AHRF and secondary diagnosis methods of UTI.
Primary Diagnosis of AHRF
Pulse Oximetry is the primary method of diagnosing AHRF. A pulse oximeter instrument is used in this case to indirectly monitor the saturation of oxygen in the blood of a patient and the changes occurring in blood volume. A photoplethysmogram is obtained which is then analyzed to determine whether the patient is suffering from AHRF. The disease is diagnosed when the body fails in its ventilator roles or even in the roles of supplying sufficient oxygen to the blood and systematic organs. The patients showing signs of low oxygen saturation should be subjected to ABGs and chest x-rays. Supplemental oxygen should be administered to such patients as they await test results.
Secondary Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection
According to Uniform Hospital Discharge Data Set (UHDDS), “secondary diagnosis refers to those conditions that exist at the time of admission or develop sequentially, and that affects the patient care for this current episode of care”. For instance, a patient with Urinary tract infections can develop other complications such as sepsis. In this case, the secondary diagnosis of UTI will be aimed at examining the sepsis because it affects the current episode of care. Some of these tests include white blood cell tests, PaCO2, CT imaging, ultrasound, MRI, and chest x-rays.
In conclusion, pulse oximetry is the primary diagnosis method for AHRF. The method uses a pulse oximeter to monitor the saturation of oxygen in the blood of a patient and the changes occurring in blood volume. On the other hand, secondary diagnosis methods for UTIs include white blood cell tests, PaCO2, CT imaging, ultrasound, MRI, and chest x-rays.