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Neanderthals are people who are resistant to change and have strong beliefs in what they do and how they live. They were discovered in various parts of Europe thought rock paintings that were thought to have been done by modern man but time showed it is the Neanderthals that did the rock art. The Neanderthals used piercings and colors to do their artefacts (PN 2018). They lived in various parts of Asia and Europe about 4000 decades ago before disappearing. A view shells used by Neanderthals were also found in some caves in Southern Spain. It was able to juxtapose the Neanderthals from the present day man sample found in various parts of Africa as the ages had a great gap in between them.

The Neanderthals had the mental capability to create art works. Majority of this artworks have been found in the caves of Spain. A larger part of this work were the symbols they used to in the lives. They made cave arts about the animals they feared and which disturbed them during their sleep. They also made cave art on the tools they used in their daily activities. The act of making cave arts was inherited from their ancestors.

The tools used by the Neanderthals were greatly improved compared to those used by their predecessors. This tools were made of a variety of materials which included the following; wood, stones and bones. Many of the tools were not made of a single material but were composite. The tools made by the Neanderthals were not for a similar function, they made tools that performed almost all their functions. This though comprised major on a variety of scrapers which they used to scrape animal skins for their clothing. The Neanderthals use a technique known as Levallois flakig to prepare their tools. This was done by skilled persons who were able to see the oversight of the tool as they made them.

Modern day research show that the Neanderthals had a language. Their version of language was FOXP2 which has no much difference to today’s language that the modern man uses.

The Neanderthals kept clean and organized homes. They did different activities in specific places and never mixed up. Their living space that is the caves were divided into sections for their different various activities. They had a zone for butchering the animals they hunted which they regard as a high level, a section for living which was carried with medium regards and a section where all the other activities were carried out.

The Neanderthals were mainly carnivores and fed mainly on thee large plant eaters like woolen mammoth and the rhinos (Hajdinjak 2018). They also feed on vegetables though this was not common for them; this constituted of roughly 20% of their meals as revealed by the experiments being done. They hunted in various ways which include the following. They made the animals run into bottle neck shaped rocks where they ambushed and killed the animals. They also dug piths which they covered and this trapped animals as they run by.

The Neanderthals ate more meat and less vegetables compared to the present day man (Cossc 2018). The Neanderthals had a lot of energy and large muscles which they used to tackle the animals they hunted this can be related to today where hunters involve in continuous running after the animals.


PN, Neanderthals. “Wooden tools hint at fire use by early Neanderthals.” PNaS 115.9 (2018): 1949-1951.

Hajdinjak, Mateja, et al. “Reconstructing the genetic history of late Neanderthals.” Nature (2018).

Cossc. “Drawings of Representational Images by Upper Paleolithic Humans and their Absence in Neanderthals Might Reflect Historical Differences in Hunting Wary Game.” Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 1.2 (2018): 15-38.




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