Munchausen Disorder or Factitious disorder
Munchausen disorder is also known as the Factitious disorder; it is a disorder by which the affected persons feign diseases, reassurance to themselves, illness, sympathy, or even psychological trauma to draw attention. However, Munchausen disorder fits within the factitious disorder subclass with predominantly physiological symptoms and signs and the patient got also a history of traveling, dramatic, hospitalization, and extremely improbable tales about their past tales experiences however the condition derives its name from the Boron Munchausen.
Munchausen disorders are composed of self-related to a fictitious disorder imposed on another, whereby interprets to abuses of another person especially a kid in the manner to draw sympathy or attention to the abuser (Fisher, 137). This generates the outcomes symptoms and can result in costly and unnecessary corrective and diagnostic Methodologies.
Signs and symptoms
Munchausen’s disorder exposed oneself as the affected individual has to amplify or even create illness symptoms in person to gain treatment, sympathy, examination, or even medical personnel. To some extent, the people who are affected by Munchausen disorder tend to be highly knowledgeable medicine practice, and hence they can show the signs which are lengthy and even costly medical analysis, unnecessary operations, and hospital stays (Fisher, 260). However, the patient’s role is familiar and comforting and therefore fills the physiological need of people having Munchausen disorder. This disorder is relatively different from the other somatoform disorder in comparison that does not intentionally have to produce their osmatic signs. Munchausen disorder is therefore distinct from psychotic disorders, e.g., malingering such that Munchausen does not have to fabricate signs for material gains such as access to drugs absence to work, and financial compensation (Fisher, 255). The risk factors for having to develop Munchausen disorder include childhood traumas, serious illness as a kid, low esteem, failed aspirations, and personality disorders. Munchausen disorder is, however, most common in men and is recognized in young children or youths. Those with antiquity in working in hospitals are also getting the risk of developing Munchausen disorder. The Arrhythmogenic Munchausen disorder illustrates persons who stimulate cardiac arrhythmias to advance medical attention. Similar behavior referred to as the factitious disorder imposed on another is on record for the guardian or parent of a child. The adult makes sure the hi/her child attends, to medical affliction hence compelling the child to expose suffering by treatments and significant position spend for the children in hospitals. Nevertheless, the disease may but initiated in the child by the guardian or the parent. However, there is a growing pediatric conscientious community whereby this disorder is engaged with medical abuse, to consider the harm that is resulted from deception and make less for the perpetrator to cause a psychiatric defense when the harm is caused.
Munchausen disorder diagnosis imposed on self-need a clinical assessment. the clinicians must be aware that the patients with the symptoms may malinger and therefore caution must be observed to make sure that there is evidence for the diagnosis. Lab tests might also be required whereby complete blood cunt may also be necessary, urine toxic, drug levels from blood, Assay for the thyroid function, or DN typing, and cultures. Sometimes psychological testing, CT scan, Electrocardiography, and magnetic imaging might also be necessary.
The healthcare providers have to take care of the history and seek the medical history in the search for early derivation, mental illness, and childhood abuse.
The healthcare providers might consider working together with mental illness specialists to assist in the treatment and underlying disorders or moods and to evade countertransference. The therapist and medical treatment might be set on the underlying psychiatric disorder. Anxiety disorder, mood disorder, and borderline personality. However, the patient prognosis entirely depends upon which category the underlying disorder falls. I.e., nervousness or depression, frequent operations on individuals may result in multiple scars on their abdomen (Rashidi et al, 50).
Fisher, Jill A. “Playing patient, playing doctor: Munchausen syndrome, clinical S/M, and ruptures of medical power.” Journal of Medical Humanities 27.3 (2006): 135-149.
Fisher, Jill A. “Investigating the Barons: narrative and nomenclature in Munchausen syndrome.” Perspectives in biology and medicine 49.2 (2006): 250-262.
Rashidi, Armin, Iman Khodarahmi, and Marc D. Feldman. “Mathematical modeling of the course and prognosis of factitious disorders: A game-theoretic approach.” Journal of theoretical biology 240.1 (2006): 48-53.