Currently microbial disease are the worldwide concern as they are causing severe loss of economy and human life even today in the 21st century. In past the bacterial diseases were highly effecting the people as well as the viral infections but there was no proper treatment for all the known diseases and most of them caused the death of the entire cities, nations and civilizations. The microorganisms causes the microbial disease which are mostly unobserved at the very initial stages and shows its damage at the extreme stages. The symptoms are always prominent but if ignored, a major damage could be happen in which death is highly observed. There are many people all over the world who have been died because of only the bacterial diseases. They are properly analyzed and then discussed. Their documentation is available in libraries, research centers and even on the internet for the further development of the understanding of these diseases. The main aim of the paper is to discuss the microbial diseases in detail, their effects on the society and how they proceed.
Microbial diseases have a rich history and there are an outnumbered people who participated in the research and development of the identification and treatment of these diseases in which the well-known names are Robert Hooke (1670), Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1720s), Francesco Redi (1690s), Lazzaro Spallanzani (1730s) and Louis Pasteur (1800s). Microbial diseases, previously known as the bacterial diseases were highly infectious and their records goes back to 3000 B.C. The documentation of these diseases elaborated that they identified and were known since the ancient times and the people were aware of the effects of these diseases. There are a number of incidents which included the involvement of the memorable pandemics which effected the cities and complete nations used to end up forever. The bacterial diseases are discovered since centuries but officially diseases are diagnosed, identified and discovered properly by Louis Pasteur between 1860 and 1864.
In the 21st century, the infectious microbial diseases are among the leading causes of the deaths worldwide. German measles, whooping cough, bubonic plague and tuberculosis are currently the highly effective and widely spread diseases spread by the viruses and bacteria. There are many other but most of them are completely ended or limited to some areas. These diseases are caused by viruses, bacteria and many other microbial organisms. They could be long lasting or would have severe effects on the body. For example the TB causes damage to the respiratory organs and the overall human body’s metabolism. The body metabolism is an important figure to discuss as if the microbial cells are not discovered properly the system will delicately start to malfunction for which the medicine would be required on immediate basis and death occurs if the precautions would not be considered.
Basically the bacterial diseases happens when the bacteria, virus or any other type of microbes enters in the body through an injury, respiration or food. Sometimes these organisms keeps silent and don’t act against the body but as they find a strength and multiplies in a huge number, they start to destroy the body. It results in the infection which is in common words would be explained as a damage occurred. The eradication of these diseases is done through proper treatments. The signs and symptoms of the illness also appeared which shows that the disease is spread and the treatments is now required. The immune system is always active but in many cases it is unable to protect us from the diseases which would lead in the requirement of precautions and treatments.
There are some diseases which should be discussed precisely in the microbial disease discussion because of their dominance in the world for a long time period in the recent past. In past some of them are studied while some are new to the world. The problem is not about the cure, it’s about the human behavior which causes them. No studies have properly clarified the ambiguities about how these diseases comes into the human population (their proper origin and their existence). Although the later steps are discussed in detail.
Smallpox is an infectious disease which is only eliminated through vaccination. It is originally caused by two viruses which are microbial. It is completely ended and now the world is free from this diseases as per the reports. The last identified case was in 1977 and after that case, in 1980 the world health organization have finally certified the global eradication of the disease.
Polio (Poliomyelitis) was also an infectious disease and was infantile paralysis which is caused by a poliovirus. Its infection results in the muscle weakness and inability of movement. Its cure is difficult or in majority cases impossible. It is highly observed in the Asian countries as well as in some other parts of the world. This disease could be prevented rather than treated for which an early age vaccination is provided to the children which helps in building immune against this virus. It is not yet eradicated from all over the world properly.
TB (Tuberculosis) is one of the most effective bacterial disease. It is caused by a specific bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria have targeted the lungs mostly. It spreads widely through air only if a person near you have the TB issue and he sneezes, coughs or talks. In the late 20th century a huge population go effected by this disease and there was no proper treatment for it which resulted in the total damage of the lungs and other respiratory organs. It mostly spreads by the pathogens which could be killed by the pasteurization. The treatment is now performed by isolating the people and then performing the treatment.
The HIV/AIDS is one of the hottest topics of the world currently and currently all over the world is being affected by it. It is caused by a virus which results in damaging or malfunctioning of the immune system directly and exposing the whole body to the other diseases. This disease is new to the world and is not yet clearly opened its wings properly so there is no past research or any parallels found yet which could defeat it entirely. If explained that this disease could be controlled in the population than it is the most difficult intervention. The scientists have found it to be spread by sexual intercourse or by physical interaction. The virus keeps silent for years but it is recognized when an individual is completed affected by it from head to toe.
Yellow fever is also one of the most affective disease. Its old name is jaundice but the symptoms also include the nausea, vomiting, headache, muscle pain and fatigue. It is vanquished in most of the countries but since it’s a mosquito spread disease so it hasn’t been eradicated from the world’s population completely. Since the mosquito are unable to survive in the northern, snowy and winter as well as in hot southern summers which results in no yellow fever at all. But in the tropic forests and some similar horizons, the climate is good for the development of the mosquito in the wild as well as in the domestic areas which results in a number of diseases including the yellow fever. The mosquito is just the carrier of the microorganisms.
There are some of the worst diseases which could not be eliminated but could be avoided in the population. Hemophilia and porphyria are the genetic blood disorders which causes serious effects. It effected the royal families or the crown heads of all over the Europe. Porphyria caused a number of royal monarchs difficult to manage their kingdoms. This disease causes the mental problems like long lasting anxiety and the paranoia. This disease is highly studied because it was also one of the main cause of the American Revolution.
There is highly inability of the humans to build natural defense against these diseases. The people from all over the world are obliged to the scientists who have been working over these terrible diseases. The microbial diseases are a threat to the human population and in the recent decades an outnumbered people died of them. The above discussed diseases are Smallpox, Poliomyelitis, Poliomyelitis, Yellow fever, Hemophilia, and porphyria. Their ways of spreading, causes, effects on the body and the way to cure them is discussed. According to the history and the overview part, these diseases have an origin late before the start of official documentation even. It is probability that the societies would be able to find all the possible diseases which are still hidden and could also be able to cure them but it will take centuries. Even with the latest technology, there is no quick possibility find the best ways which would accelerate the discoveries of the scientists. The expectations of the scientists are very good but it is also confirm that if all the existing diseases in the world could be cured and eliminated than some new will come and the research on the microbial diseases will be continued forever.
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