Abraham Maslow presented Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs which is also commonly known as motivation theory. It suggests that there are certain levels that the individual needs to pass and the upgrading of each level increases the motivation of a person. Motivation is the most important element for the success and accomplishment of the project as it is the one factor that keeps pushing the employees to complete the task on time and work efficiently to reach the outcome ultimately.
Maslow’s hierarchy of need theory suggests that the individual passes through some phases when motivated in all. He would initially be at the physiological phase where the motivation a person is very less. But with some traces of it, he would get to the safety level, then to the love/belonging, after which the individual would be at the self-esteem level. Motivation acts as a trigger for the employees to work and, when they perform all their tasks, then their self-esteem also increases. The final phase is self-actualization when the employees have a clear and peculiar image of themselves and their abilities. But these phases can only be achieved with the motivation and encouragement of a good and sincere leader who would give a proper track to the employees or the subordinates.
As a humanist psychologist, Maslow suggested that people have a natural aspiration toward the self-actualization process, and with these self-actualization emotions, they can achieve their ultimate goals and dreams. The basic needs in Maslow’s hierarchy are the ones that are crucial and important including food, air, clean drinking water, and safety. Maslow’s Theory is created as a pyramid. The highest level is the complex one where the most complex needs are placed. On the lowest level of the pyramid, basic and most important needs are placed. If the basic needs are satisfied then the process of motivation approaches the next level otherwise it sticks with the stage of basic needs. If people are not having trouble satisfying their basic needs, then they move forward to the next level such as security, health, and well-being. The more stages are satisfied, the more an individual moves forward to the next level in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
The most important factor in the hierarchy is the stage of self-actualization in which humans can find out about their potential, and move forward to achieve their life goals. Self-actualization grants several emotions to an individual such as personal potential, self-fulfillment, personal growth, and inner abilities.
Man’s Search for Meaning
Man’s Search for Meaning is a book written by Viktor E. Franklin in 1946. The book was written after World War II ended and it is mostly based on the facts related to the war. In this book, the writer described his psychotherapeutic methods, and most importantly he identified that positive nature and emotions are the most crucial asset of one’s life. He was the one who remained the victim in World War II, and he shared his bitter experiences with the audience. He shared his experience related to the Nazi concentration camps, along with his Psychological approaches and logotherapy. He explained that a person could survive even in the worst situations like war and explained how a person can explore the true meaning of life. The author had faced several unexpected and severe conditions inside Nazi concentration camps, but he consistently fought for his survival. He was the one who survived after bearing severe punishments, unlike many other people who died during the severe circumstances of war. His book became famous due to his psychological perspectives and real-life experiences. The main essential points of the book include that one must find out about the true and real meaning of life. It also includes that one must learn to fight the fears so that he could be able to deal with the severe and challenging circumstances of life. The meaning of life leads towards the importance of life. A person who cares about his life and knows about the true meaning of his life will be the one who gives importance and value to his life. The author tried to motivate the people so that they could able to find their meaning in life.
Both authors are targeting the process of self-actualization. According to Maslow, there are certain different stages of an individual’s life, but he did not focus on the fact that every individual in this world has different scenarios and circumstances. Moreover, there is no scientific evidence present to prove the theory of Maslow validity. Additionally, Maslow did not add and focused on the fact that there is a considerable difference between collectivist and individualistic societies so that scenarios of both communities and their members are changed completely. Once the needs are satisfied, these are not the ones who disappear, but these are the ones who remain present consistently such as the basic needs of humans. In the book, Man’s search for meaning the author explored his own opinions, perspective, and life experiences. The book is revealing the real experiences and life situations of a person who explored his meaning of life and want that other people also gain some lessons from his life, so he wrote amazing book.
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