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Education, English

Insightful Problem Solving

The research on human problem-solving has a vulnerable history that has led to the development of cognitive science. According to behavioral researchers, problem-solving is a reproductive process in human life whereby when human beings are faced with a problem, they apply behavior to find a solution.

A human problem-solving process consists of generic methods that are applied in an orderly way to find solutions to problems. Most of the problems that are solved using other mechanical techniques are related to the mental ways of problem-solving, which psychology offers insight into.

Insight into problem-solving is identified with the distinct feeling of unexpected and sudden understanding, which requires being accompanied by the problem-solving process. Insight is a compression that alerts the problem solver in a potentially correct way. The recent investigation shows that insight into problem-solving is more accurate than accuracy. Insight is divided into three dimensions when solving a problem: process task and phenomenology. The process, in this case, offers a cognitive mechanism that is thought to be insightful in providing the solution to the related problem. Insightful problem-solving provides a correct response without any conscious access to problem-solving.

Problem-solving and providing solutions requires a cognitive effective process whereby an individual is required to identify an effective way of solving a problem that may seem to be encountered daily. Insight occurs when a solution presents itself suddenly without any warning. It is with the discovery of the solution following the attempts of trial and error. Through the insight solution providence process, the solution is usually said to be accurate compared to other non-insight processes for providing solutions. Some solutions to some problems come from nowhere, and their solution seems to be a long process that requires insightful thoughts.

The insightful moment can be a sudden arrival of the solution to any problem, which is a common human experience. In solving move problems, insight is required to select productive moves in various states of solving problems, which often describes an insight problem. Insight into problem-solving is very important since it is linked to scientific discoveries as well as creativity. Creative thinking is a crucial aspect of providing insight into any given problem. It involves divergent thinking, whereby the first stages of providing a solution to any problem help connect and produce a number of ideas while thinking critically, analyzing, verifying, and synthesizing the ideas that generate the solution to human problems.

A number of insight problems seem to be difficult in providing solutions, which initially appears to be taking a routine to the problem. However, a solution that is familiar with providing a solution to the wrong process approaches. Insight problem solving is a different way of providing a solution to problems than any other way. In solving problems, human faces a number of impasses since they use experiences of the previous problems of the negative factors, which provides a sudden solution. Therefore, the process of problem-solving in an insightful way develops in gradual steps. There are a number of mental constraints, which are described as the viewpoint of mental constraint relaxation. Therefore, insightful problem-solving uses past behavioral experiences to provide a solution to problems and does not follow the constraints of mental difficulties in providing the solution to problems. However, a number of difficulties make it difficult for the process to provide a satisfactory solution to the problem. Hence, there are no specific formal theories for solving problems insightfully.


Knoblich, G., Ohlsson, S., & Raney, G. E. (2001). An eye movement study of insight problem-solving. Memory & Cognition29(7), 1000-1009.

Maier, N. R. F. (1963). Problem-solving discussions and conferences: Leadership methods and skills. McGraw-Hill.

Sternberg, R. J., & Sternberg, K. (2016). Cognitive psychology. Nelson Education.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Irvine, C. K. S., & Walker, D. (2018). Introduction to research in education. Cengage Learning.

Robertson, S. I. (2016). Problem-solving: perspectives from cognition and neuroscience. Psychology Press.

Hesse, F., Care, E., Buder, J., Sassenberg, K., & Griffin, P. (2015). A framework for teachable collaborative problem-solving skills. In Assessment and teaching of 21st-century skills (pp. 37-56). Springer, Dordrecht.



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