Academic Master

Human Resource And Management

Human Growth And Development

Theory Of Psychosocial Development

In this theory, Erik Erikson believed that the development of human personality goes on throughout human life. From children to adults, the growth never stops. Children prepare themselves by dealing with their peers in school. This either gives them a sense of inferiority or a sense of competence. The newborn child develops in a family with a specific language, specific foods to eat, and a particular religion. So that child will bring up and acquire that culture because the very first source of socialization is his family. In the young adulthood, people come across developing a relationship with others, if they failed to do so they socially separated from the society and become lonely.

Lev Vygotsky Cultural-Historical Theory

His theory of cultural-historical tells how signs and symbol systems are necessary for code and noting information about the cultures. The art of expression is how people transmit and maintain a relationship and culture around the generations. Language is a human’s most effective characteristic that distinguishes it from other species. A student would never be able to learn from the teacher if they don’t have a specific and effective way of sharing ideas and information. This aspect helps a person to socialize with anyone and learn about their values and different manners. Socializing helps build a personality and build confidence.

Behavior Genetic Model

Robert Plomin and Sandra Scarr developed the theory of behaviour genetic model. He proposed that genetics and gender refer to how society expects you to behave. There will be a significant difference between the adopted children and their adopted parents. Moreover, gender also changes the assumption of behaviour. Girls are expected to be weak and can’t do manual work easily. In comparison, boys are considered to be strong. This leads towards inequality and affects the intellectual and emotional development of how someone is expected to behave.


McCammon, R. W. (1970). Human growth and development. Human growth and development.

Rogoff, B. (2003). The cultural nature of human development. Oxford University Press.

Bronfenbrenner, U. (2009). The ecology of human development. Harvard University Press.



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