Just like the physical infrastructure, the institutional structure affects the way that the financial statements are prepared. The main effect is seen on the content of the various financial statements. One of the institutional factors affecting the reporting framework includes the culture of the organization. If the culture of a firm dictates a certain way of preparing the financial statements, then the employees tend to apply the same with less criticism. Also, the reporting policies made by the organization leadership affect the way the reports are made as well as the content included in the financial statements.
The financial data is assembled based on its nature. In this case, data that has the same source is placed in the same financial statement. Transactions that are similar to each other are placed in the same financial statement. Also, transactions that take place at the same time may be placed in the same financial statement if they are the same and in different statements if they are different in nature. For instance, all the purchases are placed in the income statement. All the expenses and incomes are placed in the income statement. On the other hand, all the assets and liabilities are placed in the balance sheet to illustrate their balance at the end of the reporting period. Companies use various forms of financial statements. The two main are the balance sheet and the income statements. In addition, the companies also use the statement of changes in equity to illustrate the change in the value of the shareholders. The balance score card is used by the firm to determine how effective the organization has been in attaining the set objectives. Therefore, it is a comparison of the goals attained verses the planned strategic goals in the beginning to determine the success and failures of the strategies applied.
The income statement represents all the expenses and incomes that the hospital gets over the stated period of time. In this case, the expenses for the hospital include depreciation, salaries, rent, electricity and others. On the other hand, the incomes include the payments by the patients, grants from the well-wishers, contribution by the government as well as income from other investments. For the health care facility to be performing well, the level of the incomes need to be above the expenses. In the case under consideration, the incomes surpass the expenses, indicating a surplus. This means that the health care facility does well in that it minimizes on the costs. However, the main aim of the hospital is to offer quality services at the minimum costs. Therefore, there needs to be an inclusion of the quality factor before deciding to cut down the costs involved maximally.
The balance sheet indicates the various assets, liabilities as well as equity factors that the firm has. In this case, the firm under consideration is a hospital. Therefore, the aspect of shares is not involved. The balance sheet maintains a record of the worth of the organization. It therefore determines the value of the shareholders. The value of the assets ought to be the same as the total of the liabilities and the equity factor (Wilson 2015). The organization ought to have more assets than the liabilities to retain its viability to continue being in business. If the liabilities surpass the assets, the firm could be declared bankrupt and therefore not fit to continue with the rest of the business.
Changes in Equity statement
Changes in equity elaborate the difference between the value of the firm in the beginning and the value at the end. In this regard, it is the comparison of the equity at the end with the beginning of the financial period figure. This therefore compares accumulates all the profits carried forward to the profit made during the year and therefore getting the end of reporting period profit. Equity is referred to as the value of the shareholders (Wilson 2015). This is because it is the amount that they can share as their gain. The statement therefore determines if the healthcare facility is making a progress or a loss.
A balanced score card determines the [progress of the firm. In this case, it is a comparison between the set objectives as well as goals with the real results attained. Therefore, the statement compares the two different figures to determine how well the planned objectives have been attained. The various aspects that can be accessed include the number of patient accommodated with time as well as the level of revenue attained. In addition, the level of patients’ complaints could be determined to see if there was an improvement over the period (Wilson 2015). Therefore, this statement concentrates more on determining the attainment of the qualified objectives, though with the inclusion of the statistical data.
Every statement has its purpose. Each of the statement is categorized based on its need and the form of information it presents. Therefore, they all serve different but related functions. They are all aimed at determining the progress made by the health care facility and thus offer guidance in better decision making.
Wilson, J. H. (2015). American Business and Foreign Policy: 1920–1933. University Press of Kentucky. Retrieved from http://www.aba.com