Health is the basic right of the people. If the people of a state are given rights to have health facilities without any inequity, then it signifies good governance. If the people of a place are not getting the right to access health care facility as they are supposed to get it, then it signifies the failure of the government. There are many instances where the society is facing inequity in health. Health inequality is the darker side of our society. There are many instances where the people face issues regarding health amenities (Marmot & Bell, 2012).
In particular, it is right of every citizen to access all the facilities like all other citizens without any injustice. There are many factors which contribute to the health inequity faced by the people of the society. The factors involve age, sex, gender, race, income, education, political influence and norms of the society (Veenstra, 2011).
The significant factor in all these factors is the income and political implication in the particular area (Pickett & Wilkinson, 2015). One of the causes of such inequality is the inequality in the distribution of the power. This biased distribution causes limitation in the range of choices given to the people. This limitation has been reinforced by the dysfunction in the governance, and the policies all across the nation (Ottersen et al., 2014).
The interest of the researchers is in contributing to the health inequality they face in this world. Some of these are in search for identification of eth factors which are causing health inequality while others are interested in contributing to help eradicate these differences with appropriate measures. Both of these concerns are not only related to ethical implementation but also to the policy makers who are responsible for justice in every aspect. Although there are many of the frameworks with the notion to improve health services with justice in every context. However, there is need of development of a comprehensive framework to deal with such condition. There are frameworks which are dealing with health inequalities on a particular population. They have not considered the aspect of wider population to deal with the situation (Ottersen et al., 2014).
Initially, the measurement of health inequality was done by group affiliation on a group basis. These standards are now challenged by world health organization (WHO) and they have introduced their proposal for dealing with this situation on an individual basis with a focus on a single individual at one time without any concern with the group to which they belong. This has changed the dealing method with the health inequality which was previously dealt in a different way.
It is different in the definition of health inequity from health inequality. This article has given a clear stance and difference in the definitions. Health disparities are the health inequalities (Ottersen et al., 2014).
The health inequalities which are faced by many of the countries are unacceptable. These inequalities are not measurable because of certain technical issues (Fang et al., 2010). These inequalities need to be addressed not on the national level but also on the international level for the betterment of the people globally. These are needed that certain factors, norms, policies, and practices which are the context of daily life should be considered. These can determine the poli8tocal stances which are needed to deal with these situations (Ottersen et al., 2014).
These inequalities pose necessity for the development of progress reporting and the introduction of fair policies which can better control the health inequalities. It is also necessary that all those global factors should be addressed which has its detrimental effects on the health equality. The stake holders in the state and non-state are required to be connected to the government with better connections for betterment in the health. They have their roles in the decision-making process. It is also necessary that commitments should be made to hold the responsibility to provide proper care and equality to the people so that they can access health care facilities with great ease. This requires not only economic support but also political support (Ottersen et al., 2014).
There are many frameworks which have their focus on understanding and developing frameworks to deal with health inequality. There is need of a frame work for the measuring health inequalities and tackling with these situations appropriatemannerly. This is the moral value of every person to work to provide the rights to the people in every aspect of the life including health services (Ottersen et al., 2014).
In my opinion, the world is facing a lot of difficulties in many of the areas. One of such difficulties is the health care facility. The people are under the influence of many of the factors which have caused them to face inequity in the health care facility. One of the factors in such instance is the poor political control. It is necessary that the rights should be given to the people on an individual basis so that proper care is provided to the people. It is also necessary that state and non-state official should be part of the policy making to provide a better system for health care facility distribution.
Fang, P., Dong, S., Xiao, J., Liu, C., Feng, X., & Wang, Y. (2010). Regional inequality in health and its determinants: Evidence from China. Health Policy, 94(1), 14-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.healthpol.2009.08.002
Marmot, M., & Bell, R. (2012). Fair society, healthy lives. Public Health, 126, S4-S10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2012.05.014
Ottersen, O., Dasgupta, J., Blouin, C., Buss, P., Chongsuvivatwong, V., & Frenk, J. et al. (2014). The political origins of health inequity: prospects for change. The Lancet, 383(9917), 630-667. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0140-6736(13)62407-1
Pickett, K., & Wilkinson, R. (2015). Income inequality and health: A causal review. Social Science & Medicine, 128, 316-326. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.12.031
Veenstra, G. (2011). Race, gender, class, and sexual orientation: intersecting axes of inequality and self-rated health in Canada. International Journal For Equity In Health, 10(1), 3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-10-3