Academic Master

Health Care

Health Care Question Answers


  1. Identify 4 (four) actual and potential nursing care that clients may need assistance with.
  • Assist clients in their movement and daily activities
  • Preparation of procedures for clients
  • Valuating and monitoring clients during the care process
  • Using emergency code
2.  Explain a “health need assessment”?
The health needs assessment includes the most important health needs and then makes a proper strategy for addressing those needs. It is helpful in improving the standard of health care.
3.  What are the typical qualities in a nurse (RN or EN) a client will expect?
Some of the qualities that can make a nurse perfect for her job. On top of the list of qualities, that a client may need is a caring nature. When a nurse writes everything this shows that she has more concern and informs everything to the doctor about the patient.
4.  List the benefits of health education for the client.

When the client is well informed about health education, he can better assess the treatment provided. This is an active approach that also includes patients in their health care.

5.  What are the components of a nursing process?
Following is the list of components that are commonly included in the nursing process

  • Assessing situation
  • Diagnosing disease
  • Planning treatment process
  • Implementing
  • Evaluation of outcomes.
6.  What is meant by ‘interpersonal skill’ from an enrolled nurse perspective?
Interpersonal skills involve handling patients, their families, and friends. From the perspective of the enrolled nurse, interpersonal skills not only refer to having a good relationship with patients but also with the colleagues working with her. This will help in carrying out the operations correctly.
7.  List the factors that can affect effective communication?
Some common barriers affecting effective communication are as follows.

  • Emotional taboos and barriers
  • Using jargons
  • The physically disabled person-having problem listening or speaking.
  • Lacking interest or having distractions.
8.  Identify the key required characteristics of a nurse when communicating?
Speaking at a slow pace is a necessary quality for a nurse so that people can understand clearly, what she is communicating. A nurse should avoid jargon and remember the people she is talking to for future referrals.
9.  Explain ‘patient advocate’.

In times of illness, the right judgment is an important thing that is normally not done well. A patient advocate is a person who takes care of the patient, carers, and survivors for better decision-making.

10.  Define ‘cultural diversity?

When people belonging to different cultures and groups live in a single society, this is known as cultural diversity.

11.  List the points to remember when taking care of a patient from a culturally diverse background (CALD)

It is not easy to take care of patients from different backgrounds; some of the important points to consider are as follows.

  • Acceptance of the culture of others is the primary factor otherwise, the process may not go on.
  • Be aware of the communication skills and cross-cultural factors that are important for any specific culture.
  • When any factor arises that could possibly have any conflict, ask before moving forward to be on the safe side.
12.  Define accountability.

Accountability is the condition in which the person is responsible for any particular act.

13.  Enlist the role of nurses in implementing nursing care.

Nurses play a significant role in implementing nursing care. Some primary roles are as follows.

  • Assessing the information correctly and conducting right diagnosis
  • Take better care of the patient by being empathetic
  • Provide optimal health facilities.
  • Understanding the work setting and then behaving accordingly
14.  Define personal hygiene.
Maintaining proper hygiene of one’s body and grooming the external part of the body is called personal hygiene.
15.  Explain a “health outcome”.

When interventions are done for healthcare, there are certain results of those specific procedures. Health outcomes are the changes observed in the health after caretaking. It shows whether the patient got healthier or not after treatment.

16.  List the health benefits of hygiene.

The benefits an individual can get by keeping proper hygiene are as follows.

  • Prevention of diseases
  • Low cost for health care in the longer run
  • Prevent dandruff
  • Become socially acceptable
17.  Enlist the major diseases, which affect the oral cavity.

Multiple diseases have an effect on oral health so they should be taken care of for maintaining the strength of teeth.

  • Diabetes is a disease that can directly have an impact on oral health. It has a chance of growing bacteria in the mouth that can lead to infections.
  • AIDS
  • Cancer
  • Anemia
18.  Benefits of deep breathing exercises

  • Help muscles to relax
  • Maintain blood pressure
  • Improve delivery of oxygen
  • Improve detoxification
19.  Principles of manual handling?

these are the risks that are involved when a heavy object is lifted or loaded.

  • Use a handling aid for moving heavy objects
  • Keep back in a natural posture.
  • Bend knees while manually handling the load
  • Avoid any twist in the body
20.  List the common pressure area sites.

The areas that are affected by pressure are as follows.

  • Knees
  • Ankle
  • Ischium
  • Heel
  • Pelvis
  • Shoulder
  • Coccyx
  • Spine
  • Ischium
21.  List the importance of documentation.

Documentation can help a person to grow in the following ways

  • The cost and time of training are reduced
  • Procedures are carried out in order
  • It shows professionalism
  • There is no need to read minds when everything is pre-defined.
22.  List the components of describing a procedure to a client. Example: Providing a reason for the procedure

Any medical procedure should be described to the client in a proper way so that they can understand it clearly and take necessary decisions. Some important components of this process are as follows.

  • Provide proper guidelines about the extent of the disease from which the patient suffers.
  • Explain all the possible alternatives that can be done to the prevention
  • Explain the process chosen by the doctor for treatment
  • Convey the pros and cons of the process so that they are well aware of the consequences.
23.  Explain the steps of risk management.

While managing any risk situation, the necessary steps that should be taken are as follows.

  • Identify and describe the situation of risk
  • Analyze the situation clearly and determine the possible consequences that may arise
  • Evaluate the extent of risk. This is also called the magnitude of risk that combines consequences with likelihood.
  • Provide a response to the risk situation. This is the proper plan for mitigating the strategies and contingency plans
  • In the end, review and monitor the risk to see whether it is addressed properly or not.
24.  Explain the standard precautions for infection control.

Keeping good care of hand hygiene is the first step towards controlling the infection. Keeping equipment for personal protection is important. Dispose of the waste and take care of the cough etiquette to keep the respiration clean.

25.  What is patient monitoring?

This is a process to increase the level of care for patients. it includes taking care of the vitals with the use of a monitoring device. Some important things like sleep, emergency services, and sedation are kept in view.

26.  Explain patient care.
Patient care is about taking care of patients’ health. All the basic health needs of patients are taken into account. If he is suffering from any physical or mental disease, it should be addressed with the required procedure. Accessing the situation and then giving treatment accordingly is the most important factor here.
27.  Describe the stages of the emergency code.

Following are the stages of the emergency code that refer to any particular emergency.

  • Code silver or active shooter
  • Code orange is for hazardous spill
  • Code brown indicates severe weather conditions.
  • Code red is used for fire
  • Code pink is for a missing child
  • Code black is for the threat of a bomb
28.  Explain the mechanism of CPR.
Firstly, the heels of the hand are placed on the breastbone while interlocking the fingers of both hands. Take a position where hands are on the same level as shoulders. Press down on the chest by using the weight of the whole body, not just the arms. After pressing, release your hands and allow the chest to come to its original place. The rate of these compressions should be at 100 – 120 in one minute. This should be done until the person feels exhausted.
29.  Explain the basic criteria in a discharge plan.

The patients are evaluated by professionals before discharge. Then they discuss and plan the care he will need in the future. If referrals are needed then some support is sent to the patient. In the end, follow-up appointments are aligned.

30.  List the purpose of a medical record.

  • The medical record is needed to examine the history of the patient before further treatment.
  • The significance of all the medical services is understood.
  • If any procedure is harmful to the patient in respect of previous treatments, it is identified by the medical record.
  • It helps the doctor to identify the needed procedure in less time.
31.  Define nursing care evaluation.

In this process, the nursing care services are evaluated to match certain standards. This is important to develop a base for knowledge to provide better guidelines for the future.

32.  Enlist the activities in the evaluation phase?

The evaluation process of nursing care is done by following steps.

  • The cognitive skills of nurses are identified to see whether they perform all the activities according to the standard process or not.
  • Interpersonal skills are checked.
  • Their ability to handle equipment is analyzed.
  • Their ability to critically analyze the situation is observed.
33.  Explain the four critical components of problem-oriented medical records?

POMR has the following critical components

  • It has a complete list of problems
  • The initial plans that should be followed are described
  • The progress note is maintained on a daily basis
  • At the time of discharge, a final progress note is developed.
34.  The following table provides you with the basic data on the emergency color codes used in the health and community care settings in Australia. You should understand the code and respond according to the organizational procedures as an emergent situation arises. Write the ‘Emergency Situation ‘against the Emergency Colour Code and detail the actions to be undertaken as the need arises.

34.1 Red Fire in case of fire, extinguishers are used and extinguisher type depends on the type of fire. Different types of extinguishers available are water, powder ABE, carbon dioxide, and Fire blanket.

34.2 BLUE Medical emergency This can be a medical emergency of asthma, burn, heart attack, or even a cut. The first thing to do is not panic and then look for any suitable treatment after properly accessing the situation.

34.3 PURPLE Bomb threat First, remain calm and inform the security department. Isolate the area completely and do not let anyone close to the bomb. Then, follow the instructions of emergency service and security.


34.4 BLACK Personal threat This is done in case of intrusion or assault. As a response, the requests should comply as long as they are within reason. If safety is in danger then it is good t escape from the situation if possible.

34.5 ORANGE Evacuation First, notify the security team about evacuation. The persons in immediate danger should be evacuated first. Then, ensure that all the rooms that can be accessible are evacuated or not.

34.6 YELLOW Internal emergency This situation may arise in case of power failure, chemical spill, or flood. Every individual in the area should be informed about the situation. Then the affected area should be evacuated. Call the nearest security service and follow their instructions or wait for them while keeping people away from danger.

34.7 BROWN External Emergency This can be any natural disaster, gas leak, civil disobedience or severe storm. At first, make sure to communicate the level of danger to everyone. Then, the situations directed by the emergency department should be followed.

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