The rise in the temperature of the earth is known as global warming. Over the recent decades, the scientists have multiple studies which show that the planet is consistently warming. The occurrence of the rapid changes in the climate has forced the world to take certain necessary steps. Researchers are trying to observe those changes that come with the climate system after 1950. There are the number of conferences, seminars and the discussion for countering the rising temperature. The influence of the humans is one of the leading cause of the increase in the heat of the earth. The emission of the gases like Methane, Nitrous oxide, greenhouse gases and the carbon dioxide are the primary contributor in this regard. Studies further explore that in the 21st century there would be increase rise of the earth temperature. Similarly, it will affect every region of the world according to the level and temperature of the critical area.
The anticipated effects of the global warming will include the rising in sea level, floods, and the expansion of the deserts in the subtropics. The temperature will rise more on the lands than that of the sea or oceans. According to the Bakun (2015), Arctic region will have increase effects and glaciers will continue to retreat along with the ice present in the sea. Similarly, other changes are facing the current world, and it will continue to suffer. Those changes are the heat waves in summer and droughts in deserted areas. The extreme weather in both seasons of the year like heavy snowfall, and the rainfall with the floods are also problematic (Bondyrev, 2015). With the shifting in the temperature regimes, there is the possibility of the extinction of species and the acidifications of the oceans. Global warming will also affect the lives of the humans like the presence of the threat to the security of food and the abandonment of the populated areas.
The causes of the climate change include the decreasing crop yields and the rising of the sea level people might have to face crises situation of food and related fundamental issues. Similarly, the natural phenomena are influencing the climate. For example, the El Nino occurrence from three to seven years critically impacts the weather (Bakun, 2015). Easing of the trade winds from the region of western Pacific to the east which causes increase the warm temperature in the west part of Peru. The said development lead to the creation of worldwide deviations in the cloud temperature and the precipitation. The causes of climate are different, and their effect are complex.
The system of the climate has increase inertia which helps the presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere for an extended period. Effects of these gases will not only for years but more than many decades. Similarly, in the ecosystems, the early timing of the spring weather and changes in the shifts of animals and plants are linked by the researchers with the recent global warming (Trenberth, 2014). The tundra, mangroves, coral reefs will continuously affect the change in the climate system. The higher atmosphere of the CO2 along with combine temperature will also influence the ecosystems. The diversity of the ecosystem will technically affect the rising of the heat.
The increase CO2 concentration has also contributed to enhancing the acidity of the oceans. The long lifetime of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere caused the anthropogenic emissions of CO2. The scientist will have to counter the issue by reducing the emissions up to the 80% from the highest level. The percentage of radiation might be achieved, but the global temperature will remain increase for many years (Bakun, 2015). The year of 2016 has seen no increase in the emissions of CO2. However, the New York Times reported that reduction in emission must place certain impact on the change of climate system. In the same research of New York Times which resulted that CO2 has excess in the atmosphere with the increase ratio that is calculated in 2015 and 2016.
The underlying cause of the rise of the carbon dioxide are the absorption patterns of the oceans and land surface. The United National as the representative body of the world has formulated a policy plan to cope the problem of global warming (Crutzen, 2016). The United Nations framework convention on the climate change is an attempt to stabilize the greenhouse gases. It is formulated by previous policies and agreements like that of Kyoto protocol. The members of the frameworks meet annually and discuss the progress for the development in tackling the issue of climate change. Certain vital players influence the problem of global warming and effects on the other states of the world.
There were around 160 diplomats and the representatives who gathered in the New York to sign the agreement of climate change. The states show their seriousness regarding the reduction in the emission of the gases. In this regard, China is one of the biggest emitters of the greenhouse gases (Crutzen, 2016). Due to the most populous state in the world along with the most industrious nation, it is persistently contributing and providing the polluted atmosphere. However, the government of China has pledged that they will control those public investments that flow for the contaminated projects which ultimately provides emissions of carbon in the atmosphere. Industries and the corporate sectors have instructed by the states to follow the guidelines of the climate change agreement.
The United States has also promised in the conference on climate change that it will cut pollution of greenhouse gases by 26 percent before the years of 2025. The burning of the fossil fuels is contributing the two billion tons of carbon dioxide every year (Weller, 2016). The power plants on the coals are the big polluters. Similarly, the promise of America was halted by the decision of the American Supreme Court which hold on the regulations that were meant for the reduction in greenhouse gases. In the same way, the Trump administration is not serious about the science related to the climate changes and its problems. The previous government implied the policies concerned with the more excellent use of the wind and the solar energy. The survey shows that around 60 percent of the American are worried about the increasing impacts of the global warming. The European Union is most serious about the issues of global warming, and it pledges to cut 40 percent of emissions by next two decades.
The EU seems much ambitious than other nations as its associated members have given the most substantial amount to the under developing industrial countries to curb the problem and formulate appropriate policies (Rhodes, 2016). Similarly, the most populous Indian state is trying to cut the emission which causes pollution in the atmosphere. There are the number of other countries that are following the guidelines and the instructions of the climate change agreement and serving for the free polluted environment. The Russian state has shown its commitment for the reduction of greenhouse gases in the climate change agreement. However, it is still not implementing due to some internal restrains. Those people working in the coal-producing sites are fearful that they might lose their jobs over the implementation of the agreement. Interior and the external pressure has led to the Russian policymakers in an awkward position to take the certain decision on the climate change.
Russia must convert its economy according to the modern technology which could reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. The industrial sectors are adopting newer technologies which are generating the lower emissions (Weller, 2016). The corporate area is under pressure from their governments to align their working according to the agreement on climate change. Other than these we can reduce the effects of global warming by following certain basic techniques. The reduction in the gasoline, electric appliances and the activities of human which cause global warming must be decreased. For example, use of a hybrid car can help in reducing gas. People can have the option of using public transport which will effectively reduce the gasoline and cost. Similarly, the recycling of the garbage can also reduce the global warming.
By reusing the plastic bags, paper or the glass in the factories and other industrial sectors we can reduce the garbage (Trenberth, 2014). Instead of using the plastic bag one can use the personal containers for food and other material. The burning of the dry leaves and garbage lead to the pollution of the atmosphere. The burning releases the toxic and the carbon dioxide. The governments should strictly prohibit the deforestation and should campaign for plantation of more trees. The trees can help in improving and regulating the temperature of the earth. Trees can also save the environment and the thousands of carbon dioxide. It will assist in stopping the massive floods which destroy hundreds of people in the past. Unused electricity should be turn off as it causes cost and unsafety of the environment. There must also be an awareness campaign for the general populace for their information and realization of the intensity of the global warming. The community can participate along with their particular government in reducing the temperature of the earth.
Concluding the discussion, the intensive problem of global warming requires immediate actions of all the stakeholders. We need to reduce the temperature of the earth as the problem caused by us. The corporation, industries, and the coals are the creation of human beings. Various international organizations and the groups should contribute to reducing the temperature of the earth. The climate change agreement and the United Nations convention on the climate change are the positives initiatives which will counter the rapidly changing system of the climate change.
Bakun, Andrew, et al. “Anticipated effects of climate change on coastal upwelling ecosystems.” Current Climate Change Reports 1.2 (2015): 85-93.
Bondyrev, Igor V., Zurab V. Davitashvili, and Vijay P. Singh. “Global Warming and Climate Change.” The Geography of Georgia. Springer, Cham, 2015. 205-218.
Crutzen, Paul J., et al. “N 2 O release from agro-biofuel production negates global warming reduction by replacing fossil fuels.” Paul J. Crutzen: A pioneer in atmospheric chemistry and climate change in the Anthropocene. Springer, Cham, 2016. 227-238.
Rhodes, Christopher J. “The 2015 Paris climate change conference: COP21.” Science progress 99.1 (2016): 97-104.
Trenberth, Kevin E., et al. “Global warming and changes in drought.” Nature Climate Change 4.1 (2014): 17.
Weller, Sebastian, et al. “Greenhouse gas emissions and global warming potential of traditional and diversified tropical rice rotation systems.” Global change biology 22.1 (2016): 432-448.