Gender Pay Gap in the United States
What is gender pay gap this question arises from the gender inequality which exists from stone Age to the current modern age of industrialization and commercialization. This question exists all around the world regard less of east or west. The economists are trying hard to understand what gender pay gap is. And does it actually exist or is it only a myth or a misconception among the masses and legislators. They are turning every possible stone to look deep down into this issue both scientifically and socially but still this the issue is a debate which needs a lot of accuracy and precision to be answered.
In United States of America the problem of gender pay gap is diving its think tank in two groups. One group that claims that in the USA for every dollar a man earns women earns 75 cents for the same job and the other group that supports the argument that less pay doesn’t mean unfair pay. One group that claims that gender pay gap emerges from the gender inequality existing from centuries and can be eliminated by economic empowerment of women .And the other group which argues that gender pay gap is nothing but the propaganda of feminists who like to take edge over men by playing the victim card and by not considering the real reasons behind it.
Both the groups have justified reasons and evidence to their claims which need to be looked upon with utmost responsibility because it’s not a matter of pay gap its a matter of Gender equality and no gender should be given any edge or leverage just because of their sex. Both men and women should be rewarded on merit and should be given their fair share in economy and according to the contribution they make to the society.
Right from the young age during education women when it comes to the choice or selection of subjects, they are more into education and social sciences and less into engineering and medicine which result in low paid jobs. Although since 1990s trends have changed more and more women are entering male dominating occupations but still there are many professions which involve physical risk like deep sea mining and armed forces they have less women representation.(Antonczyk et al.)
The women usually start family and in that process, they don’t pursue specialization in their perspective fields and because of which they don’t develop the same amount of expertise as men of their age group. Women sacrifice their time for their kids so they work on jobs fewer hours than men and are usually on less part-time jobs as compared to men. Women have to manage their families and their kids in parallel so traveling for acquiring theoretical knowledge or practical exposure is less often in women than in men .starting a family puts a break in their carrier right at the beginning of their professional lives, and it exists as a major
set back throughout the entire carrier of women because even after the break when they rejoin their jobs with full focus and time they can’t compete with men working right from the start without any break or any parallel responsibility of a family.
Women by nature are more family oriented they are driven by motherhood more than their carriers. They are more sacrificing when it comes to personal growth or self-exploration or self-actualization than the growth of their kids and generation. Women see their sense of achievement not only in their carriers alone but also in bringing up their kids as successful individuals. Here is where they sacrifice their time which of course could be given to their carriers.
Now it all depends upon the angle one wants to see women’s contribution towards their families’ and kids and motherhood as reason for their less expertise at work then men or as a reason for man having more time , exposure , experience , expertise ,skills and being paid more for it .women’s motherhood can be seen upon as contribution towards society and can be seen upon as a reason for their less contribution of time energy and focus at work.
The second reason of the gender pay gap is sexual harassment as workplaces which doesn’t let women reach top positions and develop their abilities and get paid for it .women who experience sexual harassment at their jobs become less productive as it increases workplace stress for them .
The third reason is the racism at the workplaces which result in gender pay gap a preference for white men or women over black women has been a reason which results in less equal employment opportunity for women . Women who face racism at workplaces usually can’t reach top influential positions and they are left with no other option than to accept odd jobs to earn their lively hood which results in fewer chances for them to grow.(Hegewisch et al.) The solution of the problem lies only in correct legislation and bridging the gap between men and women when it comes to social responsibilities and mind set.Right from the beginning men should be taught to accommodate and support their counterparts both domestically and professionally. It’s not a matter of difference of pay or wages it’s a matter of acknowledging women role they make by sacrificing themselves for their families. It’s a matter of making them feel important, privileged and confident about their physical and spiritual existence.
Antonczyk, Dirk, et al. “Rising Wage Inequality, the Decline of Collective Bargaining, and the Gender Wage Gap.” Labour Economics, vol. 17, no. 5, 2010, pp. 835–47.
Hegewisch, Ariane, et al. “Separate and Not Equal? Gender Segregation in the Labor Market and the Gender Wage Gap.” IWPR Briefing Paper, vol. 377, 2010.