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Gender and Development Essay

The author places much emphasis on women factory in Malaysia due to the frustrations that they undergo in addressing various concerns in the region. The approach becomes clear through the lens of social relations approach, which is a crucial platform to explore on key occurrences in the society. Through the approach, there exists an institutional analysis relating to gender inequality on matters related to remuneration as well as employment opportunities for women in various sectors of the economy. A comprehensive exploration of the article depicts the fact that women factory workers in Malaysia suffer some challenges and that impacts negatively on their relationships. One of the causes of such challenges being the character of institutions, which is a big deal in the region. Moreover, there is also the aspect of different levels of difficulty that women face in the adoption process as well as when internalizing the various elements related to empowering.

In the contemporary society, a shift is recorded, and women are constantly improving on their participation in the labor market. It is noted that most of the developing nations have a larger percentage working in the low-skilled occupations. There is also a significant number working in the informal sectors. That should never be the case, and the implication has a negative impact on economic growth and development. The main cause of such challenges is the high level of gender inequality as well as discrimination. The economy needs the contribution of every individual and it is imperative to offer a standard platform for competition in securing various positions.

The issues are different at the moment. It is apparent that nations are currently implementing some international efforts in enhancing economic growth and development. That is feasible once women are empowered to act in the best way possible in addressing various concerns. According to Elias (2005), “women play a crucial role in every nation and the ability to improve their participation on matters related to economic participation is one of the surest approaches to improve living standard, raise the level of empowerment and improve in children’s well-being as well.” Women are known to be home-oriented and play a crucial role in laying a strong foundation that plays a crucial role in improving relationships.

The choices of a study niche is also a factor to consider in most instances. It is apparent that the particular design was right since the focus was on Malaysia. The region presents some low-skilled female workers, and their contribution to the growth and development of the economy should not be thwarted under any instance. The manufacturing industry is one of the sectors that are of much importance for the case study. It is apparent that women play a crucial role in such a sector. Even though they play such roles, it is evident that the level of inequality, as well as discrimination exhibited, is a challenge to economic growth and development. “The main focus should be on key processes that promote equitable power sharing (Elias, 2005).”

That brings the issue of empowerment in which individuals must get a space to exercise their skills. How does empowerment bring a positive impact on the lives of women? It is known that empowerment that helps women to gain a capacity to enable them to execute various strategic forms regarding agency. Mostly, that applies to their lives and make them ambassadors in the society. Parenting is better once women are empowered to improve on key aspects of the society. It is not prudent to place women as subordinates since the instance makes it hard to engage women in various activities related to economic growth and development. The article banks on the approach of an agency. The instance denotes the need of women to have clear goals and have the wheel power to act on such deals. Moreover, there is also the need for resources. The aspect mostly relates to the capability of making choices and acting based on the choices.

The instance is of much importance since it makes good use of the cognitive ability and help in deriving meaning in various instances. In such occurrences, the outcome becomes the achievement, which plays a crucial role in building the society. People hold to the fact that handing over empowerment is a simple task. However, it is known that the instance must be generated through some steps. It is necessary to have a platform that fosters transformation through learning and sharing. The most important thing is to build on perception. It is key to improve on how individuals see themselves and relate the same to the necessary steps to have a positive impact on the lives of individuals on various occasions. To empower women, it is imperative to start from within and work on the way women see themselves in various spaces.

Having a collective action is also a crucial part of matters related to empowerment. There is the need for various organizations that will make it possible to share on the needs of women and make it possible in addressing the concerns of such women. Through such platforms, women can get the necessary approach in challenging various institutions as well as the ability to create various spaces to create policies that address their demands. There is also the possibility of pushing for various policies that help in power distribution. It is not necessary for women to only get a share of the existing resources in the society. Instead, the existing platform should make it possible to make women part of the mix and spearhead key actions related to economic growth and development. Realities happen on the ground, and the same requires women to remain closed on the execution of various tasks related to the growth and development of the society. It is prudent to tailor strategies that fit the local needs of the population and improve on engagement.

How do women impact in the manufacturing industry? Malaysia is the best platform for consideration with the high level of industrialization depicted in the region. The focus in the region is the export-oriented nature and that begun way back in the 1970s. The instance was not fair due to the emergence of the rapid feminization which was evident in the labor force. Women are always suffering since they lack unity in most occasions. That limits their bargaining power making them likely to settle for almost every aspect presented to them. According to Elias (2005), the number of women who entered into the manufacturing sector was unprecedented. The main group includes the young as well as unmarried ones. Those of the Malay origin was the main target, and the treatments were not fair enough to improve on key aspects of their lives. The ability of the female labor force to stabilize in Malaysia took the intervention of key stakeholders in the region, and the impact is beneficial in some ways. The main sector of importance is the manufacturing, which is indeed helpful in fostering the growth of key sectors of the economy. At one point, the global recession presented some challenges. That, however, did not thwart the same growth and it has since been on the rising edge with the increase in the number of women employed in the sector.

Analysis of gender inequality in Factory Production

The manner in which institutions operate in helpful in understanding the steps towards discrimination against women in various factories in Malaysia. That is also helpful in providing more insight on matters related to inequality in the region. Since the focus was on increasing the level of exports in the region, it was prudent to embrace technology and make it possible in addressing the concern of individuals in the sector. The perception of women in such a space relates to being malleable as well as passive. Moreover, the author posits that women remained passive workforce and most institutions regarded their labor as being flexible and cheap. Ideally, that is just a form of discrimination that should not apply in any given space. It is imperative to always give a fair ground for every member of the society in enhancing growth as well a success. Due to the condition in the region, various labor laws emerged to improve the relationship between individuals. Through the various policies, the state found it imperative to implement flexible policies which made it possible to address the concern of most individuals in the society. Due to such movements, it was also evident that the existing tension that resulted due to the level of discrimination also contributed to the negative treatments, and women remained the target.

The manufacturing sector is also crucial for the study due to the gender wage differentials, which justified the low pay given to women based on the qualification as well as education. Ideally, empowerment should start with the ability to give women the best education to have a positive impact on their lives. It is not right to regard women as domestic and major on home-based duties. Even though such roles are also helpful in building the family, it is necessary to give women a space to grow themselves and contribute in sharing the national cake. Elias (2005) believes that women can bring the needed transformation in various sectors. It is the responsibility of the society to work together with such women in achieving the set plans. The allegation that was apparent in the lower leadership skills that women were attributed to various parts of Malaysia (Elias, 2005). That was such as the act of stereotyping since it is possible to have women in leadership and experience the best transformation ever. How many women currently take leadership positions in the contemporary society? Are they different from the ones during the period articulated by the author? Ideally, the answers to such questions justify the fact that women, just like men, can bring a positive impact in leadership positions and create change in the society.

The pay in most industries in the contemporary society still presents elements of distribution and women are likely to get a low pay compared to men with same competencies. There is also limited hope for promotion, and that limits economic growth and development. Even though such exists, the struggle is still on, and very soon, the aspect of gender equality will be apparent in every part of the world. What is needed is some level of empowerment, which most organizations in the contemporary society have implemented. Women should not be seen as child-bearing individuals but instead, work as partners with men in various sectors of the economy. That is the surest way to limit the authoritative approach evident not only in homes but also in various working environments. There is the aspect of patriarchal hierarchy in which women are seen as better placed to nurture children. Such women lack the urge of seeking jobs outside their homes since they wish to give the best attention to their children. Men should be able to offer help in such an instance since growth requires the contribution of every stakeholder.

Women in every part of the world inclusive of Malaysia, should be supportive and work as partners with their husbands on home-related tasks. That should also be inclusive in the workplace as well as various political arenas. Currently, it stands out that young females and exploring on the field and currently explore on the various fields that women dominated in the previous cases. It is apparent that the subordination related to women does not conform to cities. Men in the rural setups also have a voice on matters related to land as well as other resources. It is through the various women groups that make it possible to address key concerns in societies. Due to the rampant fight for equality in various instances, violence against women is on the rise as well since men are not willing to be subordinated in various positions held by women (Elias, 2005). The aspects of globalization and diversity do not support such moves, and it is imperative to understand that things have taken a different paradigm. Men should be willing to work with equally able women in fostering economic growth and development.

In conclusion, it is evident that women still face some challenges as far as employment is concerned. It is also apparent that the various state control mechanisms play a crucial role in fostering such levels of discrimination as well as inequality. Most employers subscribe to the fact that most women lack the necessary discipline to make them relevant to premises. That is never the case since men are equally lazy in various departments and become a nuisance in most occasions. It all comes to the personality as well as the competency of individuals. The act presented in Malaysia is purely an act of discrimination, and should not get any support. The author agrees with the fact that such a perception is purely a mirage and should not be the application in any part of the world. It is also known from the article that everyone wants to make a profit and will strive to implement the best approaches to realize such dreams. It is within the realm for women to be part in decision making and improve their well-being in various occasions. Failure to have such approaches into consideration in the main reason for discrimination which impacts negatively on the development of economies.


Elias, J. (2005). The gendered political economy of control and resistance on the shop floor of the multinational firm: a case-study from Malaysia. New Political Economy10(2), 203-222.



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