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Forms of Contraception Essay

An evaluation of the diverse types of contraceptives reveals that each contraceptive is unique given that they are suitable for diverse situations. Thus, individuals who are sexually active are required to research on the type of contraceptive that suits their needs. Given the diverse types of contraceptives available, this paper will compare and contrast the use of short-acting hormonal methods such as hormonal implants and barrier methods such as the use of male and female condoms as forms of contraceptives.

Short-acting hormonal methods use hormones to stop or regulate the ovulation cycle to prevent pregnancy. The injectable birth control method should be conducted under the guidance of a physician given its complex process in instance where hormonal implants are being placed. Despite hormonal implants being effective in preventing pregnancies, they do not protect against STI’s, HIV, and may result in infection where the implant has been placed (Vessey et al., 2013). Limitations are also evident in instances where women with certain medical conditions do not qualify to use hormonal implants (Vessey et al., 2016). Unlike other forms of contraceptives, hormonal implants are mainly affordable to the middle class and first-class individuals of the society. However, it is important to note that hormonal implants have meet diverse medical standards set by the US Medical Eligibility Criteria (USMRC) and the US Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (USSPR).

Unlike other types of contraceptives, the use of male condoms have received positive reception which has resulted to its increased use due to its diverse cons. The use of condoms is mainly favored due to its affordability whereby one goes for less than $0.50 whereby it is available in almost all drug stores and does not require a prescription (Kirby et al., 2015). Other than offering the ability to avoid pregnancies, it offers the ability to prevent against STI’s, something that is not common with other forms of contraceptives. However, it is has its down sides whereby they may easily tear and that some females are allergic to latex. The global use of condoms like hormonal implants has been largely attributed to its approval by the US Medical Eligibility Criteria (USMRC) and the US Selected Practice Recommendations for Contraceptive Use (USSPR).

References

Kirby, D., Lepore, G., & Ryan, J. (2015). Sexual risk and protective factors. Factors affecting teen sexual behavior pregnancy childbearing and sexually transmitted disease: Which are important? Which can you change?

Vessey, M., Doll, R., Peto, R., Johnson, B., & Wiggins, P. (2016). A long-term follow-up study of women using different methods of contraception—an interim report. Journal of biosocial science, 8(4), 373-427.

Vessey, M., Meisler, L., Flavel, R., & Yeates, D. (2013). Outcome of pregnancy in women using different methods of contraception. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 86(7), 548-556.

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