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Facial Recognition Technology (FRT) Essay

The facial recognition system (FRS) is an application installed on computers to help in verifying or identifying an individual from video frame or a digital image. The application has become a common source of providing security in diverse places based on its efficiency. The recognition system can be linked to diverse biometric security systems like fingerprint scanning and the eye iris recognition system. Its incorporation into various places has made it standard commercial identification and marketing tool.

With advancement in technology, facial recognition systems have also advanced in the essence that they have become more efficient. This is evident through 3-dimensional recognition that has been used to enhance FRS through improved accuracy. The technique involves the use of 3D sensors that capture the diverse details relevant in a face essential in identifying the person being analyzed. Through the 3D dimensional system distinctive features such as the nose, chin and the curves of the eye sockets are used in analyzing people (PR Newswire, 2016). An advantage of the 3D recognition system is its efficiency given that it is not affected by changes in lighting compared to other methods (Wireless News, 2015). This is because it can analyze an individual’s face from different angles. Accuracy in identification through the use of 3D facial recognition is influenced by the advanced sensors which have a substantial impact in capturing 3d face imagery. The sensors in 3D facial recognition are designed to project structured light onto the face of an individual.

Skin texture analysis is also another technique used in facial recognition systems. Through this, the visual details visible through the skin captured through standards images are used to determine the identity of a person. The technique creates a mathematical space in which diverse patterns and spots visible through the skin are analyzed. The use of skin texture analysis has been termed to be crucial in improving the results of facial recognition.

Despite the effectiveness in the use of facial recognition compared to other forms of biometric recognition, FRS is effective in the essence that it is not dependent on the cooperation of the individual in question to work. Proper installation of the system has proved to be effective in scanning individuals without them even being aware. Its efficiency is also evident given that it can perform mass identification unlike other system of biometric recognition like fingerprints, speech recognition and iris scanning (Wireless News, 2015). Its performance has proved to be relevant despite the speculations given the few mishaps that are in existence in their use in airports and railways stations.

Challenges in the system are evident where it tussles to accomplish its purpose under particular conditions. One of the challenges evident is whereby it fails to give proper results in instances where the subject may be 20 degrees off the frontal angle. Other challenges in existence is the inability to give an accurate under poor lighting, in instances where the individuals may be covering their face, sunglasses, long hair and subjects in low-resolution images. Facial expressions have also been established to be a limiting factor in the use of the system. This is evident in countries such as Canada which have limited expressions made on a passport to neutral. This has been done in efforts to ensure that the system is efficient given that it is the most preferred biometric security system as it facilitates mass identification.

Despite the role of this system being enhancing security, the use of surveillance technologies have in recent times been under heavy criticism. This is evident through the various organizations that have lobbied campaigns at expressing their concerns on what they deem a violation of the fundamental right to privacy. People evidently fear that through the use of facial recognition system, the government is in capacity to know the activities and whereabouts of every individual at all times. Despite the primary use of facial recognition system being to unearth the identity of an individual, the system could also result in the disclosing personal information. Such information could be used on tabloids to reveal personal information that is not relevant to the purpose of identity verification (Dowen, 2008). Based on this reason, some people have resulted to hiding their faces whenever they encounter cameras in public spaces. Information acquired from facial recognition systems could also be analyzed through databases such as social media images which have a significant number of images. Analyzing data through social media database in any instance could be a huge violation of people’s privacy.

Meetings have also been held by various boards to address what the increasing use of facial recognition systems means of privacy and civil rights. Guidelines have further been put in place to regulate the use of facial recognition systems by private companies. Recent talks have resulted in heated debates where lobbyists are against the system given that it leads to the disclosure of personal information without consent which is fairy unethical. The National Telecommunication and Information Association have been engaged in talks with lobbyists and private representatives aimed at developing strategies aimed at regulating and limiting the use of the system.

Given the diverse concerns that exists on the need to regulate the use of facial recognition. Various states have begun to implement laws aimed at protecting its citizen’s biometric data privacy. This can be verified through the law enacted in Illinois which aims at protecting people information. Claims have also been made against social media platforms such as Facebook that have been accused of storing facial recognition data without obtained consent from its diverse users. Such acts of violation would go under the newly established Biometric Information Privacy Act. Recent cases presented to court in regards to misuse of the biometric system have been dropped given the lack of jurisdiction to enact the newly established Act leaving people to question its effectiveness.

Despite the challenges that may be existing in the use of facial recognition, improvement is constantly being done with advancement in technology. Potential use in the system is currently underway for the use of ATMs (PR Newswire, 2016). This is where individuals might no longer be required to use ATM cards and passwords. With the changes expected, account holders image will be captured and compared to the account holder’s image available in the bank to verify identity. Facial recognition has also advanced whereby it is currently being used as an unlock software in mobile phones.

Given the diverse factors that have been evaluated, it is evident that facial recognition is quite efficient and will continue to advance in future thus the need to invest in the system. This is because with the advancements being made, facial recognition will be a very effective security for any organization.


“Charles Mbau”

Administrative Assistant.


Dowen, J. (2008). Facial Recognition: The Most “Natural” Forensic Technology. Evidence Technology Magazine. Retrieved on November 7, 2016 from

PR Newswire. (2016).The future of facial recognition technology (FRT) in law enforcement. Retrieved from

Wireless News. (2015). Research and markets adds report: The future of facial recognition technology (FRT) in law enforcement. Retrieved from



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