Organizational development is a versatile field that contributes towards organizational psychology, industrial psychology, business, human resources, communication and many other fields. With having so much roots in diverse intellectual fields, defining orfanizational development is always remained a problem for the rsearchers. Researchers have gave many meanings to the organizational development but the most persistent meaning that is given to organizational development is “it is an effort that is always planned and is made organizationwide, which is being managed from the top management ti increase the effectiveness of the organization by making effective plans and by the use of behavioral science knowledge” (Bolman,2017).
How organizational development effects the change management in an organization and also how it effects the leadership in an organization is an important question. To answer this question first we have to understand the concept of organizational change or organizational development. When we talk about change, we will come to know that it is defind as “new things that are a bit or completely different from other things (Deshpande, 1989). With this definaion of change, it is very difficult for us to propely define what s organizational change or organizational development. The term, organizational development, itself explains about what we are talking about. This term obviously tells that we are talking about the different acitivities that are taking place with the passage of time within an organization but this term did not tell us that what kind of activities are taking place and what changes are coming in the organization (Alvesson, 2012).
Organizational development helps a company to improve its perfoermance and it also helps the employees to bring improvement in their individual performance. Every organization is considered to be a systematic process which is composed of different parts. Organizxational development is menat to be a process that is composed of different methodologies of organizational designing, coaching, diversity, leadership development and also helps in how to maintain balance between dily routine life and work life (Cummings, 2009).
As the time changes, we are entering in a new era, due to which there is a need to develop personal qualitites, ability to manage, artificial intelligence, emotional intelligence, the ability to set goals and to follow the goals to achieve what you desired. Achieveing these qualities will help an individual to make his business more profitable and to compete in the market as well as it will also help the the organisations to achieve their long term goals.
Organizational development is a process of multiple stages through which all the organizations go through development process. For easier understanding it can be said that, OD is a process through which organizations evolve and undergo the change process (Bolden, 2016). This theory is based on the assumption that just like human beings, organizations also have different cycles of development, different stages of evolution, different problems that they face at different time for which they have to come up with different ideas so that they can overcome those problems and crisis.
Organizational development requires some efforts that are essential for the improvement in organization (Brown, 2011). These improvements can be in various forms like systematic diagnosis of human, financial or technical resources either in any separate unit or in the entire organization. When we talk about organizational development, it involves culture and structure of the organization as well as analysis of all the strategies that are required for the growth of the organization. OD also analyze various informal and formal parts within an organization (McLean, 2005). Formal parts that come under analyses are human resources, policy, compensation, structure and objectives (McLean, 2005). Informal parts of the organization that come under analyses through organizational development are social analysis, values and attitudes (McLean, 2005). Organizational development not only focuses on the development of an individual but on the development of the entre organization. Organizational development is designed in such a way that it will help the organization to achieve its goals which will ultimately help the people to get satisfied from their performance in the organization.
How Organizational development helps in managing change?
To become more productive, effective and for the satisfaction of the members of the organization, organizations need to change their policies. It is not a surprise for todays’s organizations that to prosper in ths fast moving world, organizations development has become an essential and pivtol part of organizational life. In this fast moving world, change has become necessary as with the change in technological world, customers want updated things and they increase their demand whereas with the rapid change in the tech world, investors are demanding more and more return on their investment (Gorli, 2015). Due to which there is a need for the organizations to develop new startegies, technologies, economic structures, processes and organizational structures.
With the change in all the aforementioned organizationa level fields, there s also a need for all the individuals working in the organization to bring change within themselves. The employees are required to to learn new skills and to keep themselves updated with the change in time so that they can be easily adjusted in the own organization if there is any job rotation or in other organizations if there is an opportunity to pursue carrer in any other organization with better and relevant job (Todnem, 2005). Learning the new skills and keeping oneself updated with the lastest technologies will help the employees to flexibly and quickly adapt the changes that are being directed by the management of the organization.
When we talk about organizational cultre, it is directly associated with values and beliefs that are the part of an organization since the existence of the organization. It is also associated with the attitudes and beliefs of the current employees that are working in the organization. Most of the time, top management of an organization adjust their leadership style as per the goals of the organizations so that they can achieve on what they are working (Schein, 1990). This change in the leadership style for the accomplishment of the organizational goals can directly influence the behavior of the employees either in a positive way or it can also be effected in a negative manner.
Relationship between leadership behavior and organizational culture
We all know the fact that culture is a thing that is socially learned by everyone and is transmitted through one another and defines a proper set of rules and regulations for the memebers to behave in a certain manner within the organization. The basic principles of an organization start with the leadership of the organization, which then with the passage of time evolves as a leadership style (Tsai, 2011). Employees or the workers will follow the leadership style and the core values of the organization, which will become inline with the passage of time (Tsai, 2011). When the leadership behavior aligns with the core values and beliefs of the organization, strong organizational culture will be emerged. Which will ultimately helped the employees to work in a consistent manner and will reduce the conflicts between the employees and the leadership.
Relationship between job satisfaction and leadership behavior
Employees who think that their managers are caring an supportive are more prone towards job satisfaction. A manager who is supportive, who thinks that there should a balance of power, provides equal opportuinity to all the employess and share with them the values and beliefs is ultimately helping the employees to reduce the conflicts between them and if there are no internal conflicts then the employee will feel satisfaction at the job (Noe, 2003). Thus we can say that leadership style positively impacts on job satisfaction.
Relationship between job satisfaction and organiazational culture
Culture of an organization is the social glue that holds the organization together. If an organization has a strong culture then it will create a system that tells the employees that how they have to behave while working in the organization. A strong culture in the organization will create certain rules and regulations that will help the employees to achieve their goals (Noe, 2003). If the employees start getting recognition for the work they are doing, they will feel that the organization owns them and it will create a sense of job satisfaction. If the culture of the organization is not strong then there is a need of change and development in the system of the organization because without this job satisfaction cannot be achieved.
Organization development positively contributes towards the effective leadership in an organization. It also helps to bring change in the organization. The world we are living are developing so rapidly that if we donot change ourselves and donot bring change in our organization as per the speed with which the world is progressing, we will left behind in the world. Culture plays an vital role in every organization and also positively correlate with the leadership behavior and with the job satisfaction. A strong culture in the organization is necessary to achieve many of the organizational objectives.
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