This chapter is aimed at equipping medical practitioners with the information and the skills they need in ascertaining whether the evidence provided through scientific research can be depended on in the decision making process. It arms the medical team with the information necessary in conducting an appraisal of the evidence brought in by scientific research conducted by other people. This is because the medical practitioners are mostly not researchers and therefore may not be able to interpret the information laid down by researchers to support their evidence. This Chapter also gives the different types of research evidence including the individual research summaries or the multiple studies. The chapter also gives the medical practitioners the tips on how they should read the reports presented to them by researchers from different studies. Finally, the chapter covers the guidelines and approach techniques the medical practitioners can use to appraise the strengths and the quality of the evidence presented in the research reports.
Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is a special department of a hospital where the patients who are critically ill are managed. This department depends mostly on Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) to provide critical and quality care to the patient. The chapter above can be applied in ICU by equipping the nurses and medical practitioners with the skills to use in the appraisal of research evidence and coming up with the best decision that can help in managing the patients who need critical medical attention. Critical care nurses provide care to very sick patients in the ICU and therefore evidence-based care will lead to more effective and quality care and also reduced costs since the care is already proven by researchers (Stevens, 2013). Also, this chapter will help nurses in the ICU apply EBP at the bedside, at a faster rate and also at reduced costs. Therefore EBP should be implemented in hospitals and specifically the critical care unit where nurses are required to make decisions faster and support their decisions with evidence.
Stevens, K. (2013). The impact of evidence-based practice in nursing and the next big ideas. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 18(2), 4.