Academic Master

Health Care, Nursing

Evidence-Based Nursing

This chapter is aimed at equipping medical practitioners with the information and the skills they need to ascertain whether the evidence provided through scientific research can be depended on in the decision-making process. It arms the medical team with the information necessary to conduct an appraisal of the evidence brought in by scientific research conducted by other people. This is because medical practitioners are mostly not researchers and, therefore, may not be able to interpret the information provided by researchers to support their evidence.

This chapter also provides the different types of research evidence, including individual research summaries and multiple studies. The chapter also gives medical practitioners tips on how they should read the reports presented to them by researchers from different studies. Finally, the chapter covers the guidelines and approach techniques that medical practitioners can use to appraise the strengths and the quality of the evidence presented in the research reports.

The intensive care unit (ICU) is a special department of a hospital where the critically ill patients are managed. This department depends mostly on Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) to provide critical and quality care to the patient. The chapter above can be applied in the ICU by equipping the nurses and medical practitioners with the skills to use in the appraisal of research evidence and coming up with the best decision that can help in managing the patients who need critical medical attention. Critical care nurses provide care to very sick patients in the ICU, and therefore, evidence-based care will lead to more effective and quality care and also reduced costs since the care has already been proven by researchers (Stevens, 2013). Also, this chapter will help nurses in the ICU apply EBP at the bedside at a faster rate and at reduced costs. Therefore, EBP should be implemented in hospitals and specifically in the critical care unit, where nurses are required to make decisions faster and support their decisions with evidence.


Stevens, K. (2013). The impact of evidence-based practice in nursing and the next big ideas. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing18(2), 4.



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