The race is referred to as the social construction based on the fact that it is kind of a theory that shows the net difference in socioeconomic status of individuals focusing on cultural and family beliefs. In this case, these differences are developed with the ethical groups bringing stem which is from the minority as the well as class experiences. The author gives the ethnic and racial forms of gaps in educational achievements which results to narrow over the past decades of time. There is not categorization on of racial when it covers to biological basis based on the fact that substantial gaps always remain in particular the less advantaged groups categorically African American and most advantaged who are whites and the Asian Americans.
These findings are bound to the Scape-Goat Theory in which black boys are frustrated excessively and made the target of attack. In this case, there is the application of criticism through displacing of much hostility to the black boys. In this case, the black adolescents are exposed to the harsher level of discipline at school in comparison with white peers who might offend the same problem.
This type of racism is referred to as internalized racism based on the fact that blacks are internalized with a negative message that they have the low level of social economic status level. This negative trait makes black color different from whites.
In American disparity and inequality that occurs between the blacks and whites is caused by the fact that there is a racial form of wealth gap which is driven by public policy way of making a decision. Public policies shape the disparities and therefore leave the impossibility of overcoming racial ownership of assets in America.
African American children will be likely moving down the social economy since there will be eliminated when it comes to matters concerning college graduates. It is fact that 34% of the whites will complete their fours year course which is compared to 20% of the blacks. This is based on the fact that the whites will be highly considered and therefore gets themselves better jobs as compared to Africans. This will bring socioeconomic differences even between the whites and blacks. In this case, the black household will be 11.49% and that of white will be 13.33% hence bring the different in socioeconomic.
The finding supports the Kranmer’s Theory in the assumption that whites have first-hand experiences regardless their level of education. In this case, they will occupy high ranks and blacks will be assumed to be lacking the first-hand experience bringing out the trauma experience and differences in terms of attitudes between whites and blacks.