The paper seeks to summarize chapter fifteen, which has a title of the Ruin. In this chapter, the writer’s main point of argument is about the destroyed forests. He is talking about how human activities have led to forests turning into ruins. He goes ahead to talk about the destruction of Southeast Asia by boom in Japanese in around 1960s.He quotes that “When I arrived in Oregon in the early 1960s, loggers cut trees to water’s edge, ‘cat skinners’ drove bulldozers through streambeds, and some of the largest timberland owners were indifferent to reforesting cutover land” (Tsing 210). The next chapter is titled science as translation. In this chapter, the writer’s main subject is to explain the muddled translation and formation of knowledge patches. He talks about research institutes and their relation to the government, the Japanese Matsutake, which is a research institute on the field of science in forestry. In the following chapter, the writer is talking about the flying spores. He explains how his lecturer says spores travel in the earth’s atmosphere as they breed. He quotes that, “For most microbial species, you can find them everywhere. Dispersal is not the barrier. It’s whether they are able to survive in those environments” (Tsing 234). These spores contain certain disease or rather pests that sometimes spread diseases to plants. They are also taught of the ability of spores to carry along matsuke. In the following chapter, the writer is talking about interlude, the dance. The dance here, he refers to the mushroom patterns in the floor of the forests. Pickers known it very well and they easily pick the mushrooms just when they bump the ground before they fully get out.
The problem in the research study are quite a number observed by the author. Like in the first chapter, the writer clearly speaks of the problems experienced by both the forests and the locals around those areas. The locals are infested insects and disease from the woodlands in the neighboring forests. They are forced to migrate due to this disastrous infestation from the forest insects. On the other hand, the forest face challenges from human beings who keeps on cutting them for charcoal burning and other wood uses (Tsing 231) .In the chapter of research sciences, the writer is clear on the challenge faced by the researchers whose work cannot have an effect past their borders. The other problem is the pests and diseases passed on by the flying pores, which sometimes cause forest destruction.
The writer ties the reading together by a nice flow of events in the whole context. He begins very well with the ruins in the Southeast Asia mentioning the causes and the problems facing the forest and its effect to the local villages. He then goes to the scientific research institutes where training is done to students on the factors affecting forest, different approaches to these problems and how they can be controlled. He elongates chapters in appealing manner with a good connection through the passages.
Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt. The mushroom at the end of the world: On the possibility of life in capitalist ruins. Princeton University Press, 2015. Pp 201-250.