The paper seeks to talk about chapter three, which is all about distributed design. The author talks of his visit to Kato-San a forest reserve officer and manager. It is from here where he learns that forest sometimes can be helped to revitalize. Kato tells him how they do it, he is surprised humus, and the top soil is removed from the forest. He believes that top soil is very essential for forest regeneration but in this case, Kato-san tells him the opposite is true. In chapter eleven, he talks about the life of forest in relation to its hosts and humans. He talks about history of forest and he is specific to pines and nematodes (Tsing 156). Nematodes are round worms living in the pine trees. Nematodes are commonly associated with the pine trees in Japan, and to some extent, they kill the plants. In chapter twelve, he talks about history of the pine trees in Finland across Arctic Circle towards Russia. The says that forest in Finland are modern forest in that they are well spaced, same height and clean underneath while that in Russia is not well organized like it is in Finland across to Arctic Circle. In chapter thirteen, he is talking about resurgence where the plants revitalize after destruction by calamities like Volcanoes, wild fires and human deforestation. The author surprised by the view of forest he sees in Oregano areas. Deserted industries with traditional windmills and unhealthy trees.
In spite, the beauty and the good forest across the lands observed by the writer, a number of problems are observed during his research. He realizes that forest management is not that easy because it has several challenges. Like in the first chapter, Kato-San says they have to spend in helping the pine forest revitalize. In the chapter of life of the forest, he realizes that nematodes destroy the pine trees when environmental conditions get worse (Tsing 156). Under normal conditions, the pine trees can successfully contain the parasites but during adverse conditions, they end up killing the trees. He as well realize that the forests face several challenges sometimes in their development like, human exploitation, burning wild fires and attack by pests and diseases.
The readings of the chapters are correlated in a sequential manner with a sweet flow from the beginning to the end. The writer starts by talking about his visit to Kato-San who tells him how the do the forest management. He then tells us the life of the forests and their history all together. He tentatively chooses his words and completes the work with a nice flow of words at the end.
Tsing, Anna Lowenhaupt. The mushroom at the end of the world: On the possibility of life in capitalist ruins. Princeton University Press, 2015. Pp 149-200.