It is a belief in the superiority of the culture, nation or group in which the individuals belong and it’s always associated with the feeling of dislike of other people culture. Therefore it’s based on the attitude the individual group is superior. The judgment the individual express to other groups is based on the language, customs, religion, and behavior. The ethnic distinctions and also subdivisions enable each ethnic group has the unique cultural identity. Therefore ethnocentrism is one of the major reasons for division amongst people of different races, religions and ethnicities groups in the society. They normally believe that they are better than other people of other ethnic groups.
According to the investigation on the comparison between my ethnic culture and other ethnic group culture. The following statement was used, and my response was recorded. The statements are:
- Most of the other culture is backward as compared to my culture.
- Lifestyles in my ethnic culture are same as that of other culture.
- My ethnic culture should be used as a role model to other culture.
- I always respect the customs and values of the other ethnic cultures
- Our ethnic group individuals do not know what is good for them.
The response to the statement is based on the response degree scale indicated below: strongly agree=5, agree=4, neutral=3, disagree=2, and strongly disagree=1.
Base on the response on the table I strongly believe in my ethnic culture, and I fully exercise the values and customs of my culture. My culture is best and should be used as a role model in our nation. In some cases, we normally see individuals from other ethnic groups appreciating our values and customs, and some end up copying them. Therefore, it may good if our ethnic culture should be declared as the culture of the country.
The second assessment is between my two friends and me. My friends are from a different ethical community that they have their cultural values and customs. Therefore it is more significant if we compare our cultures to identify which one is more valuable and more useful its community. The response of the individuals’ recorded in the table below based on the score range from 10 to 50. The statement to be used in this assessment is as follows:
- Most of the other culture is backward as compared to my ethnic culture.
- Individuals from other ethnic groups act strangely when they come to my culture.
- I am interested in customs and values of other cultures.
- Individuals from other culture do not know what is good for them.
- Many of my friends are from different cultures.
|I||Friend 1||Friend 2|
The result recorded in the table above show that I still have strongly believed in my ethnic culture. My interest in our cultural values and customs is high. However, my friends to some extent they have weak interest in their cultures. In some case, they like the culture of other ethnic groups, more so our culture. They like the way we live, our lifestyle and even our behaviors. They are willing to adopt some values from my culture that make our community recognized in the whole nation. This makes them develop the strong friendship with me so that they can learn more from my community.
According to the result in table 1 and table 2, I have scored higher score to impress my culture. I strongly value my culture because it’s the culture that I was born in. I grow up absorbing the behaviors, customs, and values of our culture that make me consider it to be the norm. In case I experience other cultures that have different values and customs, it may be difficult for to associate with that culture. Therefore I prefer more my ethnic culture rather than other ethnic cultures. My friends show interest in my culture because they grow up in the mix culture values. Their parents are based on different cultures and most of their life they were living in urban areas where people from diverse origin live. Therefore it was difficult for them to learn their full culture like me who lived in rural areas.
I was correct in my assessment. I normally practice most of the values and customs of my culture and also teach juniors in our community about those values and customs. In some case, I am involved in the community tradition practice like ceremonies that make me more aware of my culture. Otherwise, on the side of my friends, they are only told stories about their cultures. They are not full involve in their traditional practice. Thus they know little about their cultural values and customs.
What surprised me most is that one of my friends does not know well his community language (mother tongue). He mostly uses the national language to communicate. This show that he has little knowledge about his community culture. He was will to change and adapt my culture because he knows very little about his native culture.
However, ethnocentrism is the powerful force which weakens human being relation and association. Depending on the cultural difference between the individuals’ communities that they value most as compared to other culture. But it depends on personal ethnocentric. Otherwise, despite our cultural difference, we are still human. Hence, no need to discriminate each other because of his culture.
Andersen, M. L. (2006). Sociology: Understanding a Diverse Society. Wadsworth.
Kinder, D. R. (2009). Ethnocentric foundations of American opinion. University of Chicago Press.
Reynolds, V. F. (1987). The Sociobiology of Ethnocentrism. University of Georgia Press.
Seidner, S. (1982). Ethnicity, Language, and Power from a Psycholinguistic Perspective.