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Causes of Criminal Behavior Essay

Modern society nowadays was fascinated with justice and crime. From television broadcasts, magazines, newspapers, books, and films, to daily routine conversations, individuals are continuously involved in crime talk.  In this circumstance, the mass media has a vital role in the development of not only the criminal justice system but also in the construction of criminal behavior in western society.

According to the ‘Hypodermic Syringe Model, ‘media sources inject the individuals with messages, contents, and opinions as a result to which these characters accepted such beliefs and sentiments. Most of the time, people end up in certain conversations just like the way they observe certain social media sources (Chaiken, 1982). If the media was supposed to provide negative thinking and opinions then it was more chances that individuals will behave according to it. For instance, if it portrays murders, destruction, and assassinations, then the members of the society started to repeat such actions in daily life because their minds are captivated by the media sources. As a result to that, there were more chances that the society itself became a violent or criminal society (Bartol, 2014).

Similarly, moral panics ‘over-reaction’ of the local community leaders, police, and mass media to criminal crimes which are in fact comparatively insignificant, both regarding the number of people involved and the nature of the offense that has been made. It accounts for those situations where the mass media contends an upsurge in levels of deviancy. Since, as we know that media was considered as being the source of communication in the 21st century, but its reliance on the other hand also lacks behind (Fuller, 2011). For instance, one needs to telecast the weather of their particular area; there were numerous websites of which it was difficult that all these sources represent authentic information, which serves as conflict reason, in perceptive to conflict.

Considering the level of impact of technology on criminal behavior has significant insinuations for the improvement of criminal justice practice and criminological theory. As computer technology and media continue to play and advance rapidly, there was a gradually essential role in individuals’ lives, and the significance of conducting empirical research and developing a theory on the relationship between criminal behavior and technology becomes greater.

One needs to realize that media may cause certain abnormalities in individuals, which may result in committing a terrible crime or ending up having criminal behavior. Several environmental factors along with the mixture of audience theories suggest that there was enough evidence that may cause criminal behavior among individuals in the society.


Fuller, J. (2011). Think criminology. McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Bartol, C. R. (2014). Criminal behavior: A psychological approach. Boston: Pearson, c2014. xxiii, 644 pages: illustrations; 24 cm.

Chaiken, J. M., Chaiken, M. R., & Peterson, J. E. (1982). Varieties of criminal behavior.




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